Kingdom of Castile

European sovereign state from 1065 to 1230. From 1230 to 1833 it was the territorial jurisdiction of the Crown of Castile.
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The Kingdom of Castile was one of the medieval kingdoms of the Iberian Peninsula. It began in the 9th century: it was called County of Castile and was a vassalage depending from the Kingdom of León. It was one of the kingdoms that existed before the Kingdom of Spain.

Kingdom of Castile
Reino de Castilla
Flag of Kingdom of Castile
Coat of arms of Kingdom of Castile
Coat of arms
Kingdom of Castile in the 15th century.
Kingdom of Castile in the 15th century.
CapitalBurgos, Toledo
Common languagesCastilian, Basque, Galician, Leonese
Roman Catholicism (Islam, Judaism)
Historical eraMiddle Ages
• Rodrigo becomes the first Count of Castile
• The County of Castile is unified by count Fernán González
• Castile becomes a kingdom
• Castile and Aragon form Spain
Preceded by
Kingdom of León

History change

9th to 11th centuries: The beginnings change

The first Count of Castile was Rodrigo in 850, under Ordoño I of Asturias and Alfonso III of Asturias.[1] In 931 the county was unified by count Fernán González, who made his lands subject to a hereditary succession, independent of the kings of León.

11th and 12th centuries: Expansion and union to the Kingdom of León change

In 1028 Sancho III the Great, of Navarre, married the sister of count García Sánchez and inherited title to the County of Castile after his brother-in-law's death. In 1035 he left the county to his son Fernando. Fernando I was married to Sancha, sister of Bermudo III of León. Fernando I began a war with León and in the battle of Tamarón against a coalition of Castile and Navarre the king of León was killed, leaving no offspring. His brother-in-law Fernando took the crown of León for himself and their three sons took the kingdoms of León (Alfonso VI), Galicia (García) and Castile, Sancho, becoming king and borning the Kingdom of Castile.

Notes change

  1. The first reference to the name "Castilla" can be found in a document of the year 800: We have erected a church to the honour of Saint Martin, in Area Patriniano, in the territory of Castile. In the chronicle of Alfonso III (King of Asturias, 9th century) it is written: The Vardulias are now called Castilla.