Democratic Republic of Afghanistan

Central Asian Republic (1978–1992)

The Democratic Republic of Afghanistan (DRA),[a] renamed the Republic of Afghanistan[b] in 1987, was the Afghan state during the one-party rule of the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA) from 1978 to 1992. The government collapsed in April 1992. The collapse of government triggered another civil war that led to the rise of the Taliban and their eventual takeover of most of Afghanistan by 1996. During the governments rule of Afghanistan the country relied on the Soviet Union for Assistance, especially during the Soviet-Afghan War.

Democratic Republic of Afghanistan
د افغانستان ډموکراتيک جمهوريت (Pashto)
جمهوری دمکراتیک افغانستان (Dari)

Republic of Afghanistan
د افغانستان جمهوريت (Pashto)
جمهوری افغانستان (Dari)
Flag of Democratic Republic of Afghanistan
Location of Democratic Republic of Afghanistan
StatusSatellite state of the Soviet Union
and largest city
Official languages
Islam (official)[1]
GovernmentUnitary Marxist–Leninist one-party socialist republic
Unitary dominant-party Islamic republic
General Secretary 
• 1978–1979
Nur Muhammad Taraki
• 1979
Hafizullah Amin
• 1979–1986
Babrak Karmal
• 1986–1992
Mohammad Najibullah
Head of State 
• 1978–1979 (first)
Nur Muhammad Taraki
• 1987–1992 (last)
Mohammad Najibullah
Head of Government 
• 1978–1979 (first)
Nur Muhammad Taraki
• 1990–1992 (last)
Fazal Haq Khaliqyar
LegislatureRevolutionary Council
National Assembly
(from 1987)
House of Elders
House of the People
Historical eraCold War
27–28 April 1978
• Proclaimed
30 April 1978
27 December 1979
• 1987 loya jirga
29/30 November 1987
15 February 1989
28 April 1992
HDI (1992)Increase 0.316
CurrencyAfghani (AFA)
Calling code93
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Republic of
Islamic State of

Notes change

    • Pashto: دافغانستان دمکراتی جمهوریت, Dǝ Afġānistān Dimukratī Jumhūriyat
    • Dari: جمهوری دمکراتی افغانستان, Jumhūri-ye Dimukrātī-ye Afġānistān
    • Pashto: د افغانستان جمهوریت, Dǝ Afġānistān Jumhūriyat
    • Dari: جمهوری افغانستان, Jumhūrī-ye Afġānistān

References change

  1. Hussain, Rizwan. "Socialism and Islam". The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 27 December 2021. The leaders of the DRA emphasized the similarity between Islam and socialism and retained Islam as the state religion. {{cite book}}: |website= ignored (help)