Dunkirk (French: Dunkerque, pronounced /dœ̃kɛʀk/ or /dɛ̃kɛʀk/; Dutch: Duinkerke or Duinkerken) is a harbour city in the northernmost part of France, 10 km (6 mi) from the Belgian border.
Subprefecture and commune
|Coordinates: 51°02′18″N 2°22′39″E / 51.0383°N 2.377500°ECoordinates: 51°02′18″N 2°22′39″E / 51.0383°N 2.377500°E|
|Canton||Dunkerque-1 and 2, Grande-Synthe|
|• Mayor (2014–2020)||Patrice Vergriete|
|43.89 km2 (16.95 sq mi)|
|• Density||2,100/km2 (5,400/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
59183 /59140, 59240, 59640
|Elevation||0–17 m (0–56 ft) |
(avg. 4 m or 13 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
The population of the whole metropolitan area was of 265,974 at the 1999 census.
Until the middle of the 20th century the city was in the Dutch language area; today the local Dutch dialect still can be heard but has largely given way to French.
Dunkirk was first mentioned in 1067 as Dunkerk (Dutch: Church of the Dunes).
In World War II, heavy fighting took place around Dunkirk during the German invasion in 1940 (Battle of Dunkirk), but a lull in the action unexpectedly allowed a large number of French and British soldiers to escape to England. The British evacuation of Dunkirk through the English Channel was codenamed Operation Dynamo. During the war, Dunkirk was largely destroyed by bombing.
On 14 December 2002, the Norwegian auto carrier Tricolor collided with the Bahamian-registered Kariba and sank off Dunkirk harbour, causing a hazard to navigation in the English Channel.
Since 9 December 2010, the former communes of Fort-Mardyck and Saint-Pol-sur-Mer were merged into the commune of Dunkirk.
Dunkirk has the third largest harbour in France, after those of Le Havre and Marseille. It is also an industrial city, heavily dependent on the steel, food processing, oil refining, ship building and chemical industries.
- The Musée Portuaire hosts exhibits images about the history and presence of the port.
- The Musée des Beaux-Arts has a large collection of Flemish, Italian and French paintings and sculptures.
- The Carnival of Dunkirk
Dunkirk has a ferry connection with Dover in England.
Dunkirk is twinned with:
- Krefeld, Germany since June 15, 1974
- Middlesbrough, United Kingdom since April 12, 1976
Dunkirk has cooperation agreements with:
- Dartford district, United Kingdom since March 1988
- Thanet district, United Kingdom since June 18, 1993
- ↑ La Voix du Nord Archived 2011-05-25 at the Wayback Machine 8 December 2010
- ↑ INSEE
- City council website Archived 2011-05-03 at the Wayback Machine
- Tourist office website