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Marseille

commune in Bouches-du-Rhône, the second largest city of France

Marseille is a city in the south of France in the Bouches-du-Rhône department. About 1.7 million people live in the metropolitan area, and about 850,000 in the city itself. This makes it the second largest city in France by number of people. Its commercial port is the biggest in France and one of the most important in the Mediterranean sea.

Marseille
Clockwise from top: Notre-Dame de la Garde Old Port CMA CGM Tower Calanque of Sugiton
Flag of Marseille
Flag
Coat of arms of Marseille
Coat of arms
Motto(s): 
[Actibus immensis urbs fulget massiliensis] error: {{lang}}: text has italic markup (help)
"The city of Marseille shines from its great achievements"
Marseille is located in France
Marseille
Marseille
Location within Provence-A.-C.d'A. region
Marseille is located in Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Marseille
Marseille
Coordinates: 43°17′47″N 5°22′12″E / 43.2964°N 5.37°E / 43.2964; 5.37Coordinates: 43°17′47″N 5°22′12″E / 43.2964°N 5.37°E / 43.2964; 5.37
CountryFrance
RegionProvence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
DepartmentBouches-du-Rhône
ArrondissementMarseille
Canton12 cantons
IntercommunalityAix-Marseille-Provence
Government
 • Mayor (since 1995) Jean-Claude Gaudin (LR)
Area
1
240.62 km2 (92.90 sq mi)
 • Urban
 (2010)
1,731.91 km2 (668.69 sq mi)
 • Metro
 (2010)
3,173.51 km2 (1,225.30 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2013[1])2
855,393
 • Rank2nd after Paris
 • Density3,600/km2 (9,200/sq mi)
 • Urban
 (2014)
1,578,484[2]
 • Metro
 (Jan. 2011)
1,831,500[3]
Demonym(s)Marseillais (French)
Marselhés (Occitan)
Massiliot (ancient)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
13055 /13001-13016
Dialling codes0491 or 0496
Websitemarseille.fr
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Although part of the region of Provence, Marseilles has its own history. This city is the oldest in France and probably the most complex. The city was started around 600 BC by Greek sailors from Phocaea (modern day Foça, near İzmir). This was a Greek colony in Asia Minor that is in what is now Turkey.

Marseille has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Csa in the Koeppen climate classification).

EducationEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Séries historiques des résultats du recensement – Commune Marseille (13055)". INSEE. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
  2. "Évolution et structure de la population en 2014 − Unité urbaine de Marseille - Aix-en-Provence (00759) - Insee". www.insee.fr.
  3. "Insee – Territoire – Métropole Aix-Marseille Provence : Un territoire fragmenté, des solidarités à construire". insee.fr.