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Dunkirk (French: Dunkerque, pronounced /dœ̃kɛʀk/ or /dɛ̃kɛʀk/; Dutch: Duinkerke or Duinkerken) is a harbour city in the northernmost part of France, 10 km (6 mi) from the Belgian border.

Dunkirk

Dunkerque
Dunkirk Town Hall and port
Dunkirk Town Hall and port
Flag of Dunkirk
Flag
Coat of arms of Dunkirk
Coat of arms
Dunkirk is located in France
Dunkirk
Dunkirk
Location within Hauts-de-France region
Dunkirk is located in Hauts-de-France
Dunkirk
Dunkirk
Coordinates: 51°02′18″N 2°22′39″E / 51.0383°N 2.377500°E / 51.0383; 2.377500Coordinates: 51°02′18″N 2°22′39″E / 51.0383°N 2.377500°E / 51.0383; 2.377500
CountryFrance
RegionHauts-de-France
DepartmentNord
ArrondissementDunkirk
CantonDunkerque-1 and 2, Grande-Synthe
IntercommunalityCU Dunkerque
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Patrice Vergriete
Area
1
43.89 km2 (16.95 sq mi)
Population
 (2012)2
90,995
 • Density2,100/km2 (5,400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
59183 /59140, 59240, 59640
Elevation0–17 m (0–56 ft)
(avg. 4 m or 13 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Location of Dunkirk in the arrondissement of Dunkirk.
Dunkirk's seafront.

The population of the whole metropolitan area was of 265,974 at the 1999 census.

Until the middle of the 20th century the city was in the Dutch language area; today the local Dutch dialect still can be heard but has largely given way to French.

HistoryEdit

Dunkirk was first mentioned in 1067 as Dunkerk (Dutch: Church of the Dunes).

In World War II, heavy fighting took place around Dunkirk during the German invasion in 1940 (Battle of Dunkirk), but a lull in the action unexpectedly allowed a large number of French and British soldiers to escape to England. The British evacuation of Dunkirk through the English Channel was codenamed Operation Dynamo. During the war, Dunkirk was largely destroyed by bombing.

Postwar DunkirkEdit

 
Carnival in Dunkirk.

On 14 December 2002, the Norwegian auto carrier Tricolor collided with the Bahamian-registered Kariba and sank off Dunkirk harbour, causing a hazard to navigation in the English Channel.

EconomyEdit

Dunkirk has the third largest harbour in France, after those of Le Havre and Marseille. It is also an industrial city, heavily dependent on the steel, food processing, oil refining, ship building and chemical industries.

Tourist attractionsEdit

  • The Musée Portuaire hosts exhibits images about the history and presence of the port.
  • The Musée des Beaux-Arts has a large collection of Flemish, Italian and French paintings and sculptures.
  • The Carnival of Dunkirk

MiscellaneousEdit

TransportEdit

Dunkirk has a ferry connection with Dover in England.

Twin townsEdit

Dunkirk is twinned with:

Dunkirk has cooperation agreements with:

Other websitesEdit