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East London

northeastern part of London, United Kingdom
East London

East London is the northeastern part of London. It is east of the City of London.

It does not have an official definition. The idea has its origins in 1720 as "That part beyond the Tower". By 1950 it was called East London and included all of Greater London east of the City of London and north of the River Thames. This area now makes up the London boroughs of Barking and Dagenham, Hackney, Havering, Newham, Redbridge, Tower Hamlets and Waltham Forest. It includes one of the highest ethnic minority populations in the country, mostly families of South Asian origin.

The East End of London is a subset of East London, corresponding to areas closer to the ancient City.

The early development of London eastward was caused by shipping on the River Thames. There were docks and shipbuilding. These industries declined after World War II. Felixstowe is now used as the main container port of southern England. East London is now an area of regeneration.

Areas further east developed in the Victorian and Edwardian eras following the expansion of the railways in the 19th century. In Tower Hamlets the population peaked in 1891 and growth was restricted to the outer boroughs. By 1971 the population had peaked in every borough and the entire area was experiencing population decline. By the time of the 2011 census this had reversed and every borough had some growth in population.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7]

Many famous places like Spitalfields, Brick Lane and Shoreditch are in East London.


Borough Barking and Dagenham Hackney Havering Newham Redbridge Tower Hamlets Waltham Forest
Location LondonBarkingDagenham.svg LondonHackney.svg LondonHavering.svg LondonNewham.svg LondonRedbridge.svg LondonTowerHamlets.svg LondonWaltham.svg
Population (2001) 165,700 207,200 224,700 249,500 241,900 201,100 222,000
Population (1901) 25,080 374,132 24,853 338,506 77,621 578,143 154,146
Population (1801) 1,937 14,609 6,370 8,875 4,909 130,871 6,500
Population peak 168,724 (1951) 379,120 (1911) 248,107 (1971) 454,096 (1931) 270,876 (1951) 584,936 (1891) 280,094 (1931)

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Barking and Dagenham". Retrieved 6 October 2012.
  2. "Hackney". Retrieved 6 October 2012.
  3. "Havering". Retrieved 6 October 2012.
  4. "Newham". Retrieved 6 October 2012.
  5. "Redbridge". Retrieved 6 October 2012.
  6. "Tower Hamlets". Retrieved 6 October 2012.
  7. "Waltham Forest". Retrieved 6 October 2012.