Tower of London
|Tower of London|
The Tower of London, seen from the River Thames, with a view of the water-gate called "Traitors' Gate"
|Location||London Borough of Tower Hamlets|
|Area||Castle: 12 acres (4.9 ha)|
Tower Liberties: 6 acres (2.4 ha)
|Height||27 metres (89 ft)|
|Built||White Tower: 1078|
Inner Ward: 1190s
Wharf expansion: 1377–1399
|Visitors||2,741,126 (in 2016)|
|Owner||Queen Elizabeth II in right of the Crown|
|Designated||1988 (12th session)|
|Region||Europe and North America|
The Tower had many uses. Its main function was to protect Norman rule in the years after the conquest. It was a prison, and a place of execution. Today, the Crown Jewels are kept there. This is the collection of jewels owned by the British state, and sometimes worn by the monarch. There is also a museum of armour.
Only the most important people were executed (by axe) inside the Tower of London. Among the most famous were:
- George, Duke of Clarence (1478)
- Anne Boleyn, Queen of England (1536) wife of King Henry VIII
- Margaret Pole, Countess of Salisbury (1541)
- Jane Boleyn, Viscountess Rochford (1542)
- Catherine Howard, Queen of England (1542) wife of King Henry VIII
- Lady Jane Grey (1554)
- Thomas Cromwell, 1st Earl of Essex,
- Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex (1601)
The Tower of London has a collection of ravens, large black birds of the Crow family. They are taken care of by the staff who work there. The ravens' wing feathers are kept short so they cannot fly away. This is because a legend (story) says that if the ravens leave the Tower, the Tower and the Kingdom will fall.
The closest Underground station to the Tower of London is Tower Hill.
- "Visits made in 2016 to visitor attractions in membership with ALVA". Association of Leading Visitor Attractions. Retrieved 20 August 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "History". Historic Royal Palaces. Retrieved 22 July 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- UNESCO, "Tower of London"; retrieved 2012-4-19.