Echizen Province

province of Japan

Echizen Province (越前国, Echizen no kuni) was an old province of Japan in the area of Fukui Prefecture on the island of Honshū.[1] Along with Etchū and Echigo Provinces, it was sometimes called Esshū (越州).

Map of Japanese provinces (1868) with Echizen Province highlighted

The ancient capital city of the province was at Echizen.


View of Echizen Province, woodblock print by Hiroshige, 1853

The boundaries of Echizen were formally established during the reigns of Empress Genshō and Empress Kōken.[2]

Before the boundaries were established, this area including Etchū and Echigo were called Koshi.[3]

In the Edo period, the daimyo of Fukui Domain lived at Fukui.

In the Meiji period, the provinces of Japan were converted into prefectures. The maps of Japan and Echizen Province were reformed in the 1870s.[4]



Echizen Provincial office was established in Nyū (丹生郡, Nyū-gun).[5]

Kehi jingū was the chief Shinto shrine (ichinomiya) of Echizen.[6]

Kehi jingū

Ōmushi jinja was estublished in Suishin emperor 7. It is written in “Engishiki Jinmyoutyou” and the old status of a Shinto shrine is prefectural shrine.[7]



  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Echizen" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 165.
  2. Meyners d'Estrey, Guillaume Henry Jean (1884). Annales de l'Extrême Orient et de l'Afrique, Vol. 6, p. 172; excerpt, Genshō crée sept provinces : Idzumi, Noto, Atoa, Iwaki, Iwase, Suwa et Sado en empiétant sur celles de Kawachi, Echizen, Etchū, Kazusa, Mutsu and Shinano
  3. 吉田, 耿介 (1991). 福井県大百科事典. 福井新聞社. p. 110.
  4. Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780.
  5. "越前国府". Archived from the original on 2020-07-15. Retrieved 2020-07-15.
  6. "Nationwide List of Ichinomiya," p. 2 Archived 2013-05-17 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2012-1-17.
  7. "福井県神社庁|大虫神社". Retrieved 2020-07-15.

Other websites


  Media related to Echizen Province at Wikimedia Commons