Emil Kraepelin

German psychiatrist

Emil Wilhelm Georg Magnus Kraepelin (/ˈkrɛpəlɪn/; German: [ˈeːmiːl 'kʁɛːpəliːn]; 15 February 1856 – 7 October 1926) was a German psychiatrist. He is the founder of modern scientific psychiatry, psychopharmacology and psychiatric genetics.[1][2]

Emil Kraepelin
Born(1856-02-15)15 February 1856
Died7 October 1926(1926-10-07) (aged 70)
Alma materLeipzig University
University of Würzburg
(MBBS, 1878)
Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich
(Dr. hab. med., 1882)
Known forClassification of mental disorders,
Kraepelinian dichotomy
SpouseIna Marie Marie Wilhelmine Schwabe
Children2 sons, 6 daughters
Scientific career
InstitutionsUniversity of Dorpat
University of Heidelberg
Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich
ThesisThe Place of Psychology in Psychiatry (1882)
InfluencesWilhelm Wundt
Bernhard von Gudden
Karl Ludwig Kahlbaum
InfluencedDiagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems


  1. Engstrom, E. J. (1 September 2007). "On the Question of Degeneration' by Emil Kraepelin (1908)1" (PDF). History of Psychiatry. 18 (3): 389–398. doi:10.1177/0957154X07079689. PMID 18175639. S2CID 46482747. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 May 2013..
  2. Shepherd, M. (1 August 1995). "Two faces of Emil Kraepelin". The British Journal of Psychiatry. 167 (2): 174–183. doi:10.1192/bjp.167.2.174. PMID 7582666. S2CID 37204909.