Emma Lazarus

American poet (1849–1887)

Emma Lazarus (22 July 1849 - 19 November 1887) was an American poet and playwright of Jewish origin.[1]

Emma Lazarus
Brazen plaque with the text of The New Colossus by Emma Lazarus

Lazarus was one of seven children of Moses and Esther Nathan Lazarus.[1] Her father's family came from Portugal.[1] She became interested in Jewish tradition after reading Daniel Deronda by George Eliot.[2] She never married, although she was considered a pretty woman. Emma Lazarus died of Hodgkin's lymphoma.

Lazarus wrote many lyric poems. She used classic forms like rhyme royal and ottava rima (in the cycle named Epochs). She was especially good at writing sonnets. Her best known work is the sonnet The New Colossus. It was placed at The Statue of Liberty in New York. She also translated into English poems by romantic German poet Henrich Heine. As a journalist she always protested against any kind of discrimination.

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References change

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Emma Lazarus". Biography.com. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
  2. "Emma Lazarus". Poetry Foundation. Retrieved 22 October 2016.

Bibliography change

  • Bette Roth Young, Emma Lazarus in Her World: Life and Letters. With a Foreword by Francine Klagsburn, The Jewish Publication Society, Philadelphia 1995.

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