English Defence League
The English Defence League, or in short EDL, is a street protest group in the United Kingdom which is against Sharia law and Islamism. The group was founded in 2009 in Luton by Tommy Robinson. Groups including Unite Against Fascism (UAF) and Anonymous are against the EDL. EDL can also stand for the European Defence League, also founded by Tommy Robinson. Tommy Robinson left the EDL in October 2013. Tim Ablitt became the new leader. A report found that 81% of EDL supporters are male.
- Maryam Namazie (5 July 2010). "Sharia, Law, religious courts". The Guardian. UK. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
- Gunning (2010): p 151–152
Morey, Peter; Yaqin, Amina. (2011). Framing Muslims: Stereotyping and Representation After 9/11. Harvard University Press. p. 215.
Anonymous-linked groups publish EDL supporters' personal information retrieved 2 June 2013
- "The anti-Islam English Defense League plans a massive European rally". Globalpost. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
- Counter-Jihad report: Organisations Defence Leagues Network Archived 2013-10-31 at the Wayback Machine retrieved 19 June 2013
- "EDL boss Tommy Robinson quits group". 8 October 2013 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- Taylor, Matthew; Walker, Peter (30 October 2011). "EDL supporters are young, male and anti-immigration, says survey" – via www.theguardian.com.