Enkyō (Kamakura period)

Japanese era from 1308 to 1311

Enkyō (延慶), also known as Enkei or Enkyū, was a Japanese era (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Tokuji and before Ōchō. This period started in October 1308 and ended in April 1311.[1] During this time, the emperor was Hanazono-tennō (花園天皇).[2]

The nengō Enkyō means "Becoming Prolonged" because of the tail of the great comet which was seen in the night sky of 1308.[3]

Events of the Enkyō era change

Retired former-Emperor Fushimi administered the court up through the time he took the tonsure as a Buddhist monk,[4] which happened after this nengō ended.[5]

  • 1308 (Enkyō 1): After the death of Emperor Go-Nijō, the throne passed to a cousin who would come to be known as Emperor Hanazono. The new emperor was 12 years old.[6]
  • 1310 (Enkyō 3, 11th month): Hōjō Sadafusa died; and Hōjō Tokiatsu was named to take his place as Kyoto representative of the military government in Kamakura.[5]

An early version of The Tale of the Heike (Heike monogatori) has been traced to a draft written during this era.[7]

Related pages change

References change

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Enkyū" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 180.
  2. Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 278-279; Varley, H. Paul. Jinnō Shōtōki, pp. 239-241.
  3. Greenwood, Ned. (2011). Hachiman Taro: Firstborn of the God of War, p. 87.
  4. Varley, p. 241.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Titsingh, p. 279.
  6. Titsingh, p. 279; Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Kunaichō, Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2012-6-29.
  7. Watson, Burton et al. (2008). The Tales of the Heike, p. 196.

Other websites change

Enkyō 1st 2nd 3rd 4th
1308 1309 1310 1311
Preceded by:
Era or nengō:
Succeeded by: