The fallopian tubes (also known as oviducts and uterine tubes) connect the ovaries to the uterus, and let the ovum pass into the uterus where they are able to be fertilized by sperm during sexual intercourse.There are two Fallopian tubes attached to either side of the uterus.
Schematic frontal view of female anatomy
Cross-section of Fallopian tube, stained and viewed under microscope
|Artery||tubal branches of ovarian artery, tubal branch of uterine artery via mesosalpinx|
|Lymph||lumbar lymph nodes|
There are two Fallopian tubes attached to either side of the end of the uterus. Each tube will end near one ovary. This place is called the fimbria. The Fallopian tubes are not attached to the ovaries, but open into the peritoneal cavity.
There are four parts of the fallopian tube from the ovary to the uterus:
The fallopian tube is made of three layers:
The Fallopian tubes can move around the pelvis.
When an ovum is ready to be released from the ovary, the ovary wall breaks open and the ovum goes into the fallopian tube. There, it starts moving towards to uterus with the help of liquids and cilia on the inside walls. This can take hours or days.