Some countries have a title, official or unofficial, that is or can be translated as first lady. The title is not normally used for the wife of a head of government who is not also head of state.
First Gentleman is used where the head of state's spouse has been a man, such as the Philippines or Malta. While there has never been a male spouse of a U.S. President, "First Gentleman" is used in the United States for the husband of a governor.
- First Lady, Merriam-Webster Dictionary, retrieved 2014-12-30
- First Lady, Oxford Dictionaries Archived 2016-06-21 at the Wayback Machine, retrieved 2014-12-30
- Amanda Foreman, "Our First Ladies and Their Predecessors", Wall Street Journal, May 30–31, 2015, C11, https://www.wsj.com/articles/the-first-ladies-and-their-predecessors-1432830990, retrieved 2015-5-30
- M., Design by Paul Andres Gomez. "'He asumido mi compromiso con la niñez de Colombia con toda la disposición de mi corazón', afirma la Primera Dama".