Friedrich Ebert

German politician, president of Germany (1871-1925)

Friedrich Ebert (4 February 1871 in Heidelberg – 28 February 1925 in Berlin) was a German politician (SPD). He was Chancellor of Germany and its first president during the Weimar period.

Friedrich Ebert
Friedrich Ebert.jpg
1st President of Germany
In office
11 February 1919 – 28 February 1925
Succeeded byHans Luther (acting)
Chancellor of Germany
In office
9 November 1918 – 11 February 1919
Preceded byPrince Maximilian of Baden
Succeeded byPhilipp Scheidemann
Personal details
Born(1871-02-04)4 February 1871
Died28 February 1925(1925-02-28) (aged 54)
Political partySPD
This article is about Friedrich Ebert Senior. For his son, who helped to found the GDR see Friedrich Ebert Jr.

Ebert was a social democrat. He became leader of the SPD in 1913, when the last leader August Bebel died. He was a big part of the German Revolution of 1918–19, and when Germany became a republic he became the first Chancellor. His goal was to make Germany more peaceful. He did this by putting down the left, working with the right-wing Freikorps.

He was Chancellor until he died on 28 February 1925 from Septic Shock. [1]


  1. Kershaw, I (1998). Hitler, 1889–1936: Hubris. New York: W. W. Norton & Company. p. 267. ISBN 0393320359.