Gaston, Duke of Orléans

French prince

Gaston of France, Son of France, Duke of Orléans (Gaston Jean Baptiste; 25 April 1608 – 2 February 1660) was the third son of King Henry IV of France and his wife Marie de Medici. As a son of the king, he was born a Fils de France. As a young boy he was given the title of Duke of Anjou. Later he had the title Duke of Orléans. As the eldest surviving brother of King Louis XIII, he was known at court as Monsieur. He was also one of the first princes to use the style of Royal Highness. He is often also referred to as Gaston d'Orléans. His grandson the last Medici Grand Duke of Tuscany was named in his honour.

Gaston of France
Gaston in 1634
Duke of Orléans
Reign6 August 1626 - 2 February 1660
Born(1608-04-25)25 April 1608
Château de Fontainebleau, France
Died2 February 1660(1660-02-02) (aged 51)
Château de Blois, France
SpouseMarie de Bourbon
Marguerite of Lorraine
IssueAnne Marie Louise, Duchess of Montpensier
Marguerite Louise, Grand Duchess of Tuscany
Élisabeth, Duchess of Guise
Françoise Madeleine, Duchess of Savoy
Jean Gaston, Duke of Valois
Marie Anne, Mademoiselle de Chartres
Full name
Gaston Jean Baptiste de France
HouseHouse of Bourbon
FatherHenry IV of France
MotherMarie de' Medici
ReligionRoman Catholicism
SignatureGaston of France's signature



Marguerite and Gaston d'Orléans had five children, three of whom survived into adulthood:

  1. Marguerite Louise d'Orléans (28 July 1645 – 17 September 1721) married Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany and had children.
  2. Élisabeth Marguerite d'Orléans (26 December 1646 – 17 March 1696) married Louis Joseph of Lorraine, Duke of Guise and had children.
  3. Françoise Madeleine d'Orléans (13 October 1648 – 14 January 1664) married Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy but died childless.
  4. Jean Gaston, Duke of Valois (Paris, 17 August 1650 – Paris, 10 August 1652) died young.
  5. Marie Anne d'Orléans (Paris, 9 November 1652 – Blois, 17 August 1656) died young.

Gaston had an illegitimate daughter by Marie Porcher:

  1. Marie bâtarde d'Orléans 1 January 1631, Paris.

He also had an illegitimate son by Louise Roger de La Marbelière:

  1. Jean Louis bâtard d'Orléans, Count of Charny, (1638, Tours-1692, Spain).

Titles and styles


Other websites


  Media related to Gaston, Duke of Orléans at Wikimedia Commons