Marguerite Louise d'Orléans

French princess

Marguerite Louise d'Orléans (28 July 1645 – 17 September 1721) was Grand Duchess of Tuscany, as the wife of Grand Duke Cosimo III de' Medici. Deprived of her lover, Charles V of Lorraine, Marguerite Louise despised her husband and his family, whom she often quarrelled with and falsely suspected of attempting to poison her. Marguerite Louise reconciled with the Medici on more than one occasion, however, only to promptly resume hostilities.

Marguerite Louise d'Orléans
Grand Duchess of Tuscany
Consort23 May 1670 – 17 September 1721
Born(1645-07-28)28 July 1645
Château de Blois, France
Died17 September 1721(1721-09-17) (aged 76)
15 Place des Vosges, Paris, France
Picpus Cemetery, Paris, France
SpouseCosimo III de' Medici
Ferdinando, Grand Prince of Tuscany
Anna Maria Luisa, Electress Palatine
Gian Gastone, Grand Duke of Tuscany
Full name
Marguerite Louise d'Orléans
HouseHouse of Bourbon
House of Medici
FatherGaston, Duke of Orléans
MotherMarguerite of Lorraine

Having become Grand Duke of Tuscany upon his father's death, in 1670, Cosimo III, under the sway of his mother, Vittoria della Rovere, refused to grant Marguerite Louise entry to the Privy Council. Thus without political influence, Marguerite Louise sorted the education of her eldest son, Grand Prince Ferdinando. Two more children followed: Anna Maria Luisa, Electress Palatine, and Gian Gastone, the last Medici Grand Duke of Tuscany.

In June 1675, Marguerite Louise was allowed to return to France to live in a convent in Paris. She was a daughter of Gaston de France, Duke of Orléans. Although the contract, banned her from leaving the convent, Marguerite Louise often went to her cousin Louis XIV's court at Versailles. She was at the centre of many scandals at the convent, including an attempt to burn it down, which greatly irritated her husband, who, despite the separation, took great interest in Marguerite Louise's life. While still technically married, Marguerite Louise had several affairs.

Children change

Titles, styles, honours and arms change

Arms of Marguerite Louise as Grand Duchess of Tuscany

Titles and styles change

  • 28 July 1645 – 12 June 1661 Her Royal Highness "Mademoiselle d'Orléans" [Grand daughter of France]
  • 12 June 1661 – 23 May 1670 Her Royal Highness The Grand Princess of Tuscany
  • 23 May 1670 - 5 February 1691 His Highness The Most Serene Grand Duchess of Tuscany
  • 5 February 1691 - 17 September 1721 Her Royal Highness The Most Serene Grand Duchess of Tuscany