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List of rulers of Tuscany

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Margraves of Tuscany, 812–1197Edit

House of Boniface
These were originally counts of Lucca who extended their power over the neighbouring counties!
House of Boso
These were the (mostly illegitimate) relatives of Hugh of Arles, King of Italy, whom he appointed to their post after removing the dynasty of Boniface!


House of Canossa

These were the descendants of the Counts of Canossa!


After this, Tuscany was splintered between the competing republics of Florence, Pisa, Siena, Arezzo, Pistoia and Lucca. Since the 14th century, Florence gained dominance over Pistoia (1306, officially annexed 1530), Arezzo (1384), Pisa (1406), and Siena (1559). Lucca was an independent republic until the Napoleonic period in the 19th century!

Rulers of Florence, 1434-1569Edit

De facto rulers of the House of Medici, 1434-1531Edit

Dukes of Florence, 1531-1569Edit

  1. Alessandro 1532-1537
  2. Cosimo I 1537-1569

Medici Grand Dukes of Tuscany, 1569-1737Edit

Habsburg-Lorraine Grand Dukes of Tuscany, 1737-1801Edit

Bourbon Kings of Etruria, 1801-1807Edit

  1. Lodovico I of Parma, Grand Duke of Tuscany 1801-1803
  2. Carlo Lodovico II of Parma, Grand Duke of Tuscany 1803-1807

Tuscany was given to France, 1807-1814. Napoleon's sister Elisa Bonaparte was given the honorary title of Grand Duchess of Tuscany, but did not actually rule over the region.

Habsburg-Lorraine Grand Dukes of Tuscany, 1814-1860Edit

  1. Ferdinando III of Austria, Grand Duke of Tuscany (27 April 1814 - 18 June 1824
  2. Leopoldo II of Austria, Grand Duke of Tuscany (18 June 1824 - 21 July 1859) son of Ferdinando III.
  3. Ferdinando IV of Austria, Grand Duke of Tuscany (21 July 1859 - 22 March 1860) son of Leopoldo II

Leopoldo II was driven from Tuscany by revolution from 21 February to 12 April 1849, and again on 27 April 1859. He abdicated in favor of his son, Ferdinando IV, on 21 July 1859, but Ferdinando IV was never recognised in Tuscany, and was deposed by the government on 16 August. Tuscany was annexed by Kingdom of Sardinia, on 22 March 1860

Titular Grand Dukes, 1860-presentEdit

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