Pope Leo X

Son of Lorenzo de' Medici fia, pope from 1513 to 1521

Pope Leo X (Latin: Leo Decimus; 11 December 1475 – 1 December 1521), born Giovanni di Lorenzo de' Medici, was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 218th Pope from 1513 to his death in 1521.[1]

Leo X
Detail from Raphael's Portrait of Leo X
Papacy began9 March 1513
Papacy ended1 December 1521
PredecessorPope Julius II
SuccessorPope Adrian VI
Personal details
Birth nameGiovanni di Lorenzo de' Medici
Born(1475-12-11)11 December 1475
Died1 December 1521(1521-12-01) (aged 45)
Other popes named Leo

Early life change

Giovanni de Medici was born in Florence. He was the second son of Lorenzo the Magnificent.[2]

He studied theology and canon law at Pisa from 1489 to 1491.[2]

Priest change

Six days after his election as pope in 1513, Medici was ordained as a priest.[2]

Bishop change

Two days after his ordination and eight days after his election as pope in 1513, Medici was made a bishop.[2]

Cardinal change

At the age of 13, Pope Innocent VIII named Medici cardinal in 1489.[3]

Pope change

Cardinal Medici was elected pope on 9 March 1513. On the 15 March he was ordained priest, and he was consecrated as bishop on March 17. He was crowned Pope on 19 March at the age of 37.[2]

Pope Leo was involved in Italian and European political disputes.[2]

Leo was a patron of Michelangelo and Raphael.[3]

Related pages change

References change

The Coat of Arms of the Medici popes
  1. "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-8.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 "Pope Leo XI", Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-8.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. (1839). "Leo X", Penny cyclopaedia, Vol. 13, pp. 426-428.

Other websites change

  Media related to Leo X at Wikimedia Commons

  •   "Pope Leo X" . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913.

Preceded by
Julius II
Succeeded by
Adrian VI