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George Washington Bridge

bridge in New York City

The George Washington Bridge is a suspension bridge over the Hudson River, that connects part of New York City, New York to Fort Lee, New Jersey. It is 4,750 feet (1584 meters) long and was designed by Othmar H. Ammann. Building began on October 21, 1927, and it was opened on October 25, 1931, at a cost of $59 million.[4] A second level was added below the main level and opened to traffic on August 29, 1962.[4] There are also walkways for pedestrians and bicyclists on the north and south siides of the bridge.

George Washington Bridge
George Washington Bridge, HAER NY-129-66.jpg
As seen from New York in 1986
Carries14 lanes (8 upper level, 6 lower level) of I-95/US 1/US 9, people and bicycles
CrossesHudson River
LocaleFort Lee, New Jersey and Manhattan in New York City
Other name(s)The GWB, The GW, & The George
Maintained byPort Authority of New York and New Jersey
Characteristics
DesignDouble-decked Suspension bridge
MaterialSteel
Total length4,760 ft (1,450 m)[1]
Width119 ft (36 m)[1]
Height604 ft (184 m)[1]
Longest span3,500 ft (1,100 m)[2]
Clearance above14 ft (4.3 m) (upper level), 13.5 ft (4.1 m) (lower level)
Clearance below212 ft (65 m) at mid-span[1]
History
DesignerOthmar Ammann, Cass Gilbert
Construction beginOctober 1927
OpenedOctober 24, 1931 (upper level)
August 29, 1962 (lower level)
Statistics
Daily traffic289,329 (2008)[3]
TollEastbound only. Cars ($8 peak, $6 off-peak with E-ZPass)
$2 in a carpool with 3 people or more (EZ-Pass cars only)

The main span of the bridge is 3,500 ft (1,067 m) long and it is 119 ft (36 m) wide.[4] It is suspended by four cables, each cable weighing 28,450 tons, and each is made from 26,474 individual wires. The total length of all the wire in the four cables is 107,000 mi (172,200 km).[4]

Ammann chose the site for the bridge because the river was narrower at this point. The banks on either side were high, which meant the bridge could be tall enough for ships to pass underneath, without having to build long rising bridge approaches.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "Facts & Info - George Washington Bridge". Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-02-27.
  2. "George Washington Bridge". ASCE Metropolitan Section. Retrieved 2010-03-06.
  3. "2008 NYSDOT Traffic Data Report" (PDF). New York State Department of Transportation. Appendix C. Retrieved 2010-02-27.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 "George Washington Bridge". Roads of NYC. Eastern Roads. Retrieved 2009-12-05.

Other websitesEdit

  Media related to George Washington Bridge at Wikimedia Commons

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