Gol Transportes Aéreos Flight 1907

mid-air collision

Gol Transportes Aéreos Flight 1907, was a passenger flight flying from Manaus to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. On 29 September 2006, the Boeing 737-8EH operating the flight was involved in a midair collision with an Embraer Legacy 600 while cruising over the Amazon rainforest. The Embraer landed at a military base safely with no injuries on board, and minor damage to the left wingtip and horizontal stabilizer, but the Boeing lost flight path control and was completely destroyed by aerodynamic forces, killing all 154 occupants on board.

Gol Transportes Aéreos Flight 1907
Date29 September 2006
SummaryMid-air collision
Site200 km (120 mi; 110 nmi) east
of Peixoto de Azevedo
Mato Grosso, Brazil
10°29′S 53°15′W / 10.483°S 53.250°W / -10.483; -53.250Coordinates: 10°29′S 53°15′W / 10.483°S 53.250°W / -10.483; -53.250
Total fatalities154
Total survivors7
First aircraft
GOL Linhas Aéreas Boeing 737-8EH PR-GTD.jpg
PR-GTD, the aircraft involved in the accident
TypeBoeing 737-8EH(SFP)
OperatorGol Transportes Aéreos
IATA flight No.G31907
ICAO flight No.GLO1907
Call signGOL 1907
Flight originEduardo Gomes International Airport, Manaus, Brazil
StopoverBrasília International Airport
DestinationRio de Janeiro/Galeão International Airport
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Second aircraft
XA-MHA ExcelAire Embraer EMB-135BJ Legacy 600 31.8.15.jpg
N600XL, the Embraer Legacy 600 involved in the accident, later registered as XA-MHA
TypeEmbraer Legacy 600
OperatorExcelAire (delivery flight)
Call signN600XL
Flight originSão José dos Campos Airport, Brazil
1st stopoverEduardo Gomes International Airport, Brazil
2nd stopoverFort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport, Florida
DestinationLong Island MacArthur Airport, Ronkonkoma, New York
Survivors7 (all)


The Embraer had a set computer-generated flight plan to Air Traffic Control for the run north to Manaus. This would take N600XL over Brasília, where airway UZ6 would lead the airplane to Manaus. The computer requested a climb to FL370. Until Brasília, that direction was slightly to the east side of magnetic north. Since the airway to Manaus required a westerly turn over Brasília, the computer proposed a descent to 36,000, since it was supposed to be at that flight level by that point.

GOL Flight 1907 rapidly approached from the opposite direction, also at FL370. The Legacy struck the Boeing about 30 feet and 2 feet to the left of the fuselage. Due to the speed at which both aircraft traveled, the Legacy’s winglet acted like a knife, slicing through the Boeing’s left wing about halfway out and severing the wing’s internal spar. On the cockpit voice recorder, the collision sequence sounded like a car crash. Instantly, the 737 twisted out of control, yawing and banking violently to the left and pitching straight down into a rotating vertical dive. The autopilot automatically disconnected and the bank angle warning activated.

The pilots fought to regain control, and extended the landing gear to slow the dive. 22 seconds into the plunge, the airplane’s overspeed clacker activated as the aircraft passed it's maximum rated dive speed. As the aircraft continued to spin rapidly, uncontrollably, the aircraft's load reached 4 Gs. 45 seconds into the dive, the first officer shouted in response to the aircraft breaking apart. Seven seconds later, the Boeing broke into three parts, which plummeted into the forest below.

Passenger remains were found to be several inches deep in the dirt as a result of the impact forces.

Pilot-in-command of the Embraer, Captain Lepore, immediately declared an emergency to ATC, and took control. The aircraft landed safely at Cachimbo Airbase following careful flight.

Final tally of passenger nationalities
Nationality Passengers Crew Total
  Argentina 10 0 10
  United Kingdom 1 0 1
  United States 6 0 6
  Uruguay 2 0 2
  Mexico 5 0 5
  Paraguay 3 0 3
  Peru 1 0 1
  France 4 0 4
  Germany 1 0 1
  Italy 1 0 1
  Venezuela 4 0 4
  Australia 3 0 3
  Bolivia 3 0 3
  Canada 3 0 3
  Colombia 3 0 3
  Dominican Republic 1 0 1
  Chile 2 0 2
  Portugal 2 0 2
  Spain 2 0 2
  South Africa 2 0 2
  Japan 1 0 1
  Brazil 105 6 111
Total 148 6 154