Grand Duchess Tatiana Nikolaevna of Russia

second daughter of Nicholas II of Russia and Empress Alexandra Feodorovna

Grand Duchess Tatiana Nikolaevna of Russia (Tatiana Nikolaevna Romanova; Russian: Великая Княжна Татьяна Николаевна; 10 June 1897 – 17 July 1918) was the second daughter of Nicholas II of Russia and Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna. After she was murdered in the Russian Revolution of 1917, she was canonization as a passion bearer by the Russian Orthodox Church.

Grand Duchess Tatiana Nikolaevna
Grand Duchess Tatiana, 1914
Born(1897-06-10)10 June 1897[1]
Peterhof Palace, Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
Died17 July 1918(1918-07-17) (aged 21)
Ipatiev House, Yekaterinburg, Russian Soviet Republic
Burial17 July 1998
Full name
Tatiana Nikolaevna Romanova
HouseHolstein-Gottorp-Romanov
FatherNicholas II of Russia
MotherAlix of Hesse and by Rhine
ReligionRussian Orthodoxy
SignatureGrand Duchess Tatiana Nikolaevna's signature

Tatiana was the younger sister of Grand Duchess Olga and the elder sister of Grand Duchess Maria, Grand Duchess Anastasia, and Tsarevich Alexei.

During World War I, she chaired many charitable committees and along with her older sister Olga, trained to become a nurse. She tended to wounded soldiers on the grounds of Tsarskoye Selo from 1914 to 1917.

Biography change

Early life change

 
Baby Tatiana In a bonnet, 1898

Tatiana was born on 10 June 1897. She was the second child and daughter of Emperor Nicholas II and Empress Alexandra. Her siblings were Grand Duchesses Olga, Maria, Anastasia, and Tsarevich Alexei of Russia. All of the children were close to one another and to their parents up until the end of their lives.

 
Grand Duchess Tatiana Nikolaevna at her brother’s christening, 1904.

Like the other Romanov children, Tatiana was raised with austerity. She and her sisters slept on camp beds without pillows, took cold baths in the morning,[2] and embroidered and knitted projects to be given as gifts or sold at charity bazaars.[3]

 
Formal portrait Of Grand Duchess Tatiana, 1910

In their household, Tatiana and Olga were known as "The Big Pair".[4] They shared a bedroom and were very close to each another from early childhood.

Appearance and personality change

 
Tatiana in 1914.
 
Tatiana in 1915.

Tatiana was a famous beauty. She was tall, slender, and elegant. She had dark auburn hair, gray eyes, and fine features. Many viewed her as the most beautiful of the four grand duchesses and the one who resembled their mother most.[5][6][7]

She most resembled her mother. Slender with auburn hair and clear gray eyes, she was strikingly good looking and enjoyed the attention her beauty got.[8]

According to Anna Vyrubova, when Tatiana grew up, she was the tallest and most graceful, beautiful, and romantic. Many officers fell in love with Tatiana, but there were no appropriate suitors for her.[9] Meriel Buchanan described her beauty as "almost mystical."[10] Alexander Mossolov, head of the Imperial Chancellery, wrote that Tatiana was the best-looking of all the sisters.[11] When she was 8 years old, her tutor Pierre Gilliard said that she was prettier than her sister.[12]

 
Tatiana in 1916.

Despite her high status, Tatiana did not use her Imperial title. Her friends, family, and servants called her by her first name and patronym, Tatiana Nikolaevna.[13] She did not claim the imperial title of Grand Duchess and replied that she was "Sister Romanova the Second".[14]

Tatiana was a practical, nurturing leader.[5] She who took care of the little ones, and who was a constant help to the household and always willing to help when in need.[15]

 
Tatiana and Olga in 1914.

Tatiana was interested in fashion. According to Sophie Buxhoeveden, She loved to dress. Any clothing, no matter how old, looked well on her. She knew how to put on her clothes, was admired and liked admiration."[15]

Her mother's friend Anna Vyrubova wrote that Tatiana was talented and that she could dress her mother's hair as well as a professional hair stylist.[7] Sophie Buxhoeveden remembered that Tatiana once dressed her hair when her hairdresser was unavailable.[16]

Young adulthood and World War I change

When World War I broke out, Tatiana became a Red Cross nurse with her mother and Olga. They cared for wounded soldiers in a private hospital on the grounds of Tsarskoye Selo. In September 1914, she was named patron of a war aid committee called the Tatiana Committee.[17]

Russian Revolution and captivity change

 
Tatiana, Olga, Maria, and Anastsia Tatiana in 1916.

In March of 1917, Tatiana and her family were under house arrest at Tsarskoye Selo. The family was then moved to the former governor’s mansion in Tobolsk by the provisional government that replaced the monarchy.

They were strictly supervised by 300 guards, their windows were sealed and painted over as higher and higher walls were built around the building. The commanding officers could access any of the family’s rooms at any time and forced the prisoners to ring a bell to use the lavatory.

Death change

 
Romanov family in 1913.

Throughout the civil war in 1918, the Bolsheviks grew worried that the White Army would seize the Romanovs, who could be a powerful symbol for the anti-Communist cause. The Ural Regional Soviet decided on June 29 to execute the family and received tentative approval from Moscow. On July 16, the captors were ordered to kill the family because the Red Army forces were retreating.

On July 17, 1918, Tatiana and her family were executed by Bolshevik agents with gunshots and bayonets at the Ipatiev House in Yekaterinburg. To avoid the corpses' discovery, the guards stripped the bodies of clothing and jewels, mutilated them with sulphuric acid and buried them in the Koptyaki forest.

References change

  1. Starting in 1900, Tatiana's birthday was celebrated on 11 June new style
  2. Massie, p. 132
  3. Zeepvat, Charlotte, The Camera and the Tsars: A Romanov Family Album, Sutton Publishing, 2004, p. 153
  4. Cite error: The named reference Massie135 was used but no text was provided for refs named (see the help page).
  5. 5.0 5.1 Massie, Robert K. Nicholas and Alexandra, 1967, p. 133.
  6. Dehn, Lili, 1922. "The Real Tsaritsa", ISBN 5-300-02285-3
  7. 7.0 7.1 Vyrubova, Anna. "Memories of the Russian Court". alexanderpalace.org. Retrieved 10 December 2006.
  8. The private world of the last Tsar, in the photographs and notes of General Count Alexander Grabbe. Boston : Little, Brown & Co. p. 63
  9. Anna Vyrubova, http://www.alexanderpalace.org/russiancourt2006/
  10. Meriel Buchanan. https://www.alexanderpalace.org/palace/olgabuchannan.php
  11. Margaretta Eagar, Six Years at the Russian Court, Chapter 1,https://www.alexanderpalace.org/eagar/I.html
  12. Pierre Gilliard, Thirteen Years at the Russian Court, p. 20
  13. Massie, Robert, Nicholas and Alexandra, 1967, p. 135
  14. Tschebotarioff, p. 60
  15. 15.0 15.1 Sophie Buxhoeveden, The Life and Tragedy of Alexandra Feodorovna, Chapter 16: The Empress and her Family, https://www.theromanovfamily.com/grand-duchess-tatiana-nikolaevna-of-russia/
  16. Sophie Buxhoeveden, Before The Storm, p. 299
  17. Rappaport, Helen (2014). The Romanov Sisters: The Lost Lives of the Daughters of Nicholas and Alexandra. St. Martin's Press. p. 235. ISBN 9781250020215.