Nicholas II of Russia
- Nicholas II redirects here, for other people named Nicholas II, see Nicholas.
Nicholas II of Russia, (May 18, 1868 – July 17, 1918) was the last Tsar or Emperor of the Russian Empire. He became Tsar in 1894 after his father, Tsar Alexander III died. He married Princess Alix of Hesse, who was the granddaughter of Queen Victoria, and they had five children, Olga, Tatiana, Maria, Anastasia, and Alexi. Alexi suffered from a disease called haemophilia, which caused his parents great sadness.
|Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias|
|Reign||1 November 1894 – 15 March 1917|
|Predecessor||Alexander III of Russia|
|Successor||Empire ended, next Russian Head of State and Government is Vladimir Ilyich Lenin.|
|Born||18 May 1868|
Saint Petersburg, Russia
|Died||17 July 1918 age 50|
|Issue||Grand Duchess Olga Nikolaevna|
Grand Duchess Tatiana Nikolaevna
Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna
Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna
Grand Duke Tsarevich Alexei Nikolaevich
|House||House of Romanov|
|Father||Alexander III of Russia|
|Mother||Dagmar Maria Fyodrovna of Denmark|
World War I created many problems for Russia and the Tsar. In the 1917 Russian Revolution he abdicated (gave up being Tsar) in March of that year. He and his family were held as prisoners under house arrest. On July 17, 1918, Nicholas, his wife, and their children were killed by a firing squad. In 1981, the Tsar and his family were made Saints by the Russian Orthodox Church. In 1990, the bones of the Tsar and his family were found in the woods and given a proper burial in 1998.
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