Alexander III of Russia

emperor of Russia (1845-1894)

Alexander Alexandrovich Romanov (Alexander III, 10 March 1845, Winter Palace, Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire — 1 November 1894, Maley Palace, Livadia, Taurida Governorate, Russian Empire) was the Emperor of Russia from 13 March [O.S. 1 March] 1881 until his death on 1 November [O.S. 20 October] 1894. He reversed some of the liberal laws made by his father, Alexander II and promoted the Russian language. Unlike many Tsars, he kept Russia out of wars. Alexander III had six children. His son, Nicholas II of Russia became the next and last Tsar.

Alexander III
Kramskoy Alexander III.jpg
Portrait of Alexander III, by Ivan Kramskoy (1886)
Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russias
Reign13 March 1881 – 1 November 1894
Coronation27 May 1883
PredecessorAlexander II
SuccessorNicholas II
Born(1845-03-10)10 March 1845
Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
Died1 November 1894(1894-11-01) (aged 49)
Livadia, Taurida Governorate, Russian Empire
Burial18 November 1894
SpouseMaria Feodorovna
IssueNicholas II of Russia
Grand Duke Alexander
Grand Duke George
Grand Duchess Xenia
Grand Duke Michael
Grand Duchess Olga
Full name
Alexander Alexandrovich Romanov
HouseHolstein-Gottorp-Romanov
FatherAlexander II
MotherMaria Alexandrovna
ReligionRussian Orthodox
SignatureAlexander III's signature