Queen Victoria (born Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 1837 to 1901. She was born in London to a German princess and an English prince in 1819. She became queen at the age of 18, on the death of her uncle, William IV.
Victoria wearing her small diamond crown
Photograph by Alexander Bassano, 1882
|Queen of the United Kingdom|
|Reign||20 June 1837 – 22 January 1901|
|Coronation||28 June 1838|
|Prime Ministers||See list|
|Empress of India|
|Reign||1 May 1876 – 22 January 1901|
|Imperial Durbar||1 January 1877|
|Born||24 May 1819|
Kensington Palace, London
|Died||22 January 1901 (aged 81)|
Osborne House, Isle of Wight
|Burial||4 February 1901|
|Spouse||Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha|
|House||House of Hanover|
|Father||Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn|
|Mother||Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld|
She was educated by her governess, Louise Lehzen and Reverend George Davys. She learned to speak and read German and French well.
In 1840, Victoria married her first cousin, Prince Albert who encouraged science, trade and art. They had nine children, and made it clear they believed that a good family life and Christianity were very important. In general, English people followed their example. In 1851, the Great Exhibition at Crystal Palace was opened. It happened partly because of Albert's hard work. The exhibition featured the achievements of British people in the Victorian era.
In 1861, Prince Albert died and Victoria began to keep away from public life; this made her less popular. During the years that followed, Britain became more powerful, and in 1877, Victoria was given the title of "Empress of India". She became more popular with her people. In 1897, she had her Diamond Jubilee to celebrate 60 years of being on the throne.
Many of Victoria's children became monarchs, princes and princesses of other countries, and late in life she was called the "grandmother of Europe". Queen Victoria was always very interested in India, although she never went there. Queen Victoria enjoyed dancing, sketching, horse riding and singing; she was given lessons as a child by the famous opera singer Luigi LaBlache. She liked to paint and could play the piano. She kept a regular diary throughout her life.
|Victoria of the United Kingdom||Father:
Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent and Strathearn
George III of the United Kingdom
Frederick, Prince of Wales
Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha
Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Charles Louis Frederick, Duke of Mecklenburg-Mirow
Magdalena Augusta of Anhalt-Zerbst
Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Ernest Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Duchess Sophia Antonia of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Princess Augusta Reuss of Ebersdorf
Ernest Frederick I, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen
Sophia Albertine of Erbach-Erbach
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Victoria of the United Kingdom|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Victoria of the United Kingdom.|
- Arnstein, Walter L. "Victoria, Queen of Great Britain." Europe 1789-1914, Encyclopedia of the Age of Industry & Empire. Gale Biography in Context. Web. 10 June 2014.
- Queen Victoria Citizendium