Queen Victoria (born Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 1837 to 1901. She was born in London to a German princess and an English prince in 1819. She became queen at the age of 18 after her uncle William died.
Victoria wearing her small diamond crown
Photograph by Alexander Bassano, 1882
|Queen of the United Kingdom|
|Reign||20 June 1837 – 22 January 1901|
|Coronation||28 June 1838|
|Prime Ministers||See list|
|Empress of India|
|Reign||1 May 1876 – 22 January 1901|
|Imperial Durbar||1 January 1877|
|Born||24 May 1819|
Kensington Palace, London
|Died||22 January 1901 (aged 81)|
Osborne House, Isle of Wight
|Burial||4 February 1901|
|Spouse||Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha|
|House||House of Hanover|
|Father||Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn|
|Mother||Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld|
She was taught by her governess, Louise Lehzen, and Reverend George Davys. She learned to speak and read German and French well. Queen Victoria enjoyed dancing, drawing, horse riding and singing. She had lessons as a child from the famous opera singer Luigi LaBlache. She liked to paint and could play the piano. She kept a regular diary throughout her life.
Victoria married her first cousin, Prince Albert, in 1840. He supported science, trade and art in Britain. Victoria and Albert had nine children. They believed that a good family life and Christianity were very important. In general, English people followed their example.
In 1861, Prince Albert died and Victoria stayed away from public life.
In 1897, she celebrated 60 years of being queen. She was popular with her people by the time she died in 1901. She was queen for 63 years, longer than any other king or queen of Britain before her. People called her the 'grandmother of Europe' because many of Victoria's children became kings, princes and princesses of other countries.
After she died, her son Edward became king.
|Victoria of the United Kingdom||Father:
Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent and Strathearn
George III of the United Kingdom
Frederick, Prince of Wales
Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha
Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Charles Louis Frederick, Duke of Mecklenburg-Mirow
Magdalena Augusta of Anhalt-Zerbst
Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Ernest Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Duchess Sophia Antonia of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Princess Augusta Reuss of Ebersdorf
Ernest Frederick I, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen
Sophia Albertine of Erbach-Erbach
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- Arnstein, Walter L. "Victoria, Queen of Great Britain." Europe 1789-1914, Encyclopedia of the Age of Industry & Empire. Gale Biography in Context. Web. 10 June 2014.
- Queen Victoria Citizendium