Hamadryas baboon

species of baboon

The hamadryas baboon (Papio hamadryas) is a species of baboon from the Old World monkey family.[4] It is the northernmost of all the baboons. It lives in the Horn of Africa and the southwestern tip of the Arabian Peninsula. These regions have fewer natural predators than central or southern Africa, where other baboons live.

Hamadryas baboon[1]
Male at Tierpark Hellabrunn
Female, Awash National Park, Ethiopia
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Suborder: Haplorhini
Infraorder: Simiiformes
Family: Cercopithecidae
Genus: Papio
P. hamadryas
Binomial name
Papio hamadryas

Simia hamadryas Linnaeus, 1758

The hamadryas baboon was a sacred animal in ancient Egypt.


  1. Groves, Colin (2005). Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. (eds.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 166–167. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.
  2. Gippoliti, S. & Ehardt, T. (2008). "Papio hamadryas". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2008: e.T16019A5354647. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T16019A5354647.en. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  3. Linnaeus, Carl (1758). Systema naturæ. Regnum animale (10th ed.). p. 27. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  4. Groves C.P; Wilson D.E. Reeder D.M. (eds) Mammal species of the world: a taxonomic and geographic reference. 3rd ed, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 166–167. ISBN 0-801-88221-4