Hazara people

Persian-speaking ethnic group native to central Afghanistan
(Redirected from Hazaras)

Hazāra (Persian: هزاره) are a Persian-speaking people group who mainly live in central Afghanistan and in southwestern Pakistan. They are mostly Muslims with a Shia majority and a Sunni minority. Hazaras are the third largest ethnic group in Afghanistan,[10][11][12] forming about 18% (according to other sources up to 30%) of the total population.[13][8] Over a million Hazaras live in neighboring Pakistan, native to the region of Quetta (Northern Balochistan). Some Hazaras live in Iran. In the urban areas, like Kabul and Herat, they speak the Dari variant of Persian. In the more rural areas, thry mostly speak a dialect known as Hazaragi.

Hazara
هزاره
Hazara boys in Afghanistan.
Total population
8–12 million
Regions with significant populations
 Afghanistan4,500,000[1]
 Pakistan2,550,000 including 500,000 in Quetta[2][3]
 Iran500,000[4]
 Europe130,000[5]
 Turkey26,000[6]
 Australia41,766[7]
 Canada10,300[8]
 Indonesia3,800[9]
Languages
Dari and Hazaragi
(eastern varieties of Persian)
Religion
Mostly Islam
Shia majority
Sunni minority

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  1. "Afghanistan |Data". data.worldbank.org.
  2. "Hazaras of Pakistan". Retrieved 22 Dec 2022.
  3. Census of Afghans in Pakistan 2005, UNHCR Statistical Summary Report (retrieved August 14, 2016)
  4. Smyth, Phillip (3 June 2014). "Iran's Afghan Shiite Fighters in Syria". The Washington Institute for Near East Policy. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
  5. "Austria holds refugee talks as young Hazaras flee persecution to make 'dangerous' journey to Europe – ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)". mobile.abc.net.au. 2016-02-29. Retrieved 2017-08-19.
  6. "Afghan Hazara Refugees Seek Justice in Turkey". 3 June 2014.
  7. "Cultural Diversity". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 2021-08-10. Retrieved 2022-06-28.
  8. 8.0 8.1 The population of people with descent from Afghanistan in Canada is 48,090. Hazara make up an estimated 30% of the population of Afghanistan depending t on the source. The Hazara population in Canada is estimated from these two figures. Ethnic origins, 2006 counts, for Canada Archived 2013-07-23 at the Wayback Machine
  9. Afghan Hazaras' new life in Indonesia: Asylum-seeker community in West Java is large enough to easily man an eight-team Afghan football league, Al Jazeera, 21 March 2014, retrieved 5 August 2016
  10. L. Dupree, "Afghānistān: (iv.) ethnocgraphy", in Encyclopædia Iranica, Online Edition 2006, (LINK Archived 2006-10-19 at the Wayback Machine).
  11. CIA World Factbook Archived 2017-09-20 at the Wayback Machine.
  12. "A survey of the Afghan people - Afghanistan in 2006", The Asia Foundation, technical assistance by the Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS; India) and Afghan Center for Socio-economic and Opinion Research (ACSOR), Kabul, 2006, PDF Archived 2006-12-15 at the Wayback Machine.
  13. Kamal Hyder reports (12 Nov 2011). "Hazara community finds safe haven in Peshawar". Aljazeer English. Retrieved November 13, 2011.