Healthcare in Iran

Healthcare in Iran has the public-governmental system, the private sector, and NGOs.

Total health spending was equivalent to 6% of GDP in Iran in 2017.[1] About 90% of Iranians have some form of health insurance.[2] Iran is the only country with a legal organ trade.[3][4] Organ donation is called gifting of organs and not sale and purchase.[5]

In 2016, Bloomberg News ranked Iran 30th most efficient healthcare system ahead of the United States and Brazil.[6]

Iran has developed public health preventive services with a Primary Health Care Network.[7] Child and maternal mortality rates have fallen significantly, and life expectancy at birth has risen remarkably. Infant mortality was 28.6 in 1,000 live births and under-five mortality was 35.6 per 1,000 live births in 2000. In 1970 they were 122 per 1,000 and 191 per 1,000.[8] Immunization of children is accessible to most of the urban and rural population.[1]

It is a centre for cosmetic surgery. It was 12th in the world for the number of cosmetic surgery procedures in 2022. 320,000 were recorded. 80% are for women. Rhinoplasty is the most common. Babak Nikoumaram, chair of the Iranian Society of Plastic and Aesthetic Surgeons said. “Incongruous western beauty standards are forced upon Iranians.” He says many operations are not counted in those numbers. About 8.5% of plastic surgery clients in Iran came from other countries in 2022. The price is lower than in Western countries.[9]


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Iran: Healthcare and Pharmaceuticals Forecast". Economist Intelligence Unit. August 18, 2008.
  2. "Iran Health Insurance in Brief". Archived from the original on 2016-08-17. Retrieved 2016-07-05.
  3. Tober, Diane (2007). "Kidneys and Controversies in the Islamic Republic of Iran: The Case of Organ Sale". Body and Society. 13 (3): 151–170. doi:10.1177/1357034X07082257. S2CID 146238746. Archived from the original on 2015-10-16.
  4. Fry-Revere, Sigrid (2014). The Kidney Sellers:A Journey of Discovery in Iran. Carolina Academic Press. Archived from the original on 2013-12-28.
  5. Movassagh, Hooman (2016). "Human Organ Donations Under the 'Iranian Model': A Rewarding Scheme for U.S. Regulatory Reform?". Indiana Health Law Review. 13 (1): 82–118. doi:10.18060/3911.0013. SSRN 2767175.
  6. "U.S. Health-Care System Ranks as One of the Least-Efficient". 29 September 2016. Archived from the original on 13 April 2018. Retrieved 26 April 2018 – via
  7. "Iran Daily - Domestic Economy - 07/02/09". Archived from the original on August 4, 2009. Retrieved February 19, 2016.
  8. "At a glance: Iran (Islamic Republic of) - The big picture". UNICEF. Archived from the original on 2012-02-05. Retrieved 2012-02-05.
  9. "'Tsunami of cosmetic surgery' changes face of Iran". Retrieved 2024-02-16.