polyhedron with six faces

A hexahedron (plural: hexahedra) is any polyhedron with six faces. A cube, for example, is a regular hexahedron with all its faces square, and three squares around each vertex.

There are seven topologically distinct convex hexahedra,[1] one of which exists in two mirror image forms. (Two polyhedra are "topologically distinct" if they have intrinsically different arrangements of faces and vertices, such that it is impossible to distort one into the other simply by changing the lengths of edges or the angles between edges or faces.)

Quadrilaterally-faced hexahedron (Cuboid) 6 faces, 12 edges, 8 vertices
Rectangular cuboid
(three pairs of
Trigonal trapezohedron
(congruent rhombi)
Trigonal trapezohedron
(congruent quadrilaterals)
Quadrilateral frustum
square pyramid)
(three pairs of
(three pairs of
Oh, [4,3], (*432)
order 48
D2h, [2,2], (*222)
order 8
D3d, [2+,6], (2*3)
order 12
D3, [2,3]+, (223)
order 6
C4v, [4], (*44)
order 8
Ci, [2+,2+], (×)
order 2

Triangular bipyramid
36 Faces
9 E, 5 V

Tetragonal antiwedge. Chiral – exists in "left-handed" and "right-handed" mirror image forms. Faces
10 E, 6 V Faces
11 E, 7 V

Pentagonal pyramid
5.35 Faces
10 E, 6 V Faces
11 E, 7 V Faces
12 E, 8 V

There are three further topologically distinct hexahedra that can only be realised as concave figures:

Concave Faces
10 E, 6 V Faces
11 E, 7 V Faces
12 E, 8 V

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References change

  1. Counting polyhedra

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