A polyhedron (one polyhedron, many polyhedra, or polyhedrons) is a geometrical shape. It is a 3D shape with flat faces, and straight edges. Each face is a polygon surrounded by edges. Usually it is defined by the number of faces, or edges.
Two types of polyhedron are convex and concave. The line connecting any two points of a convex polyhedron is inside the polyhedron. The line connecting two points of a concave polyhedron may go outside the polyhedron.
Mathematicians do not agree on what makes a polyhedron. They do agree that there are five Platonic solids, which are regular polyhedra. On a regular polyhedron, all faces are the same and all vertices are the same.
Usually, polyhedra are named by the number of faces they have. The first polyhedra are the tetrahedron, which is made of four triangles, pentahedron (five faces, can look like a four-sided pyramid), hexahedron (six faces, a cube if it is regular), heptahedron (seven faces) and octahedron (eight faces). Prisms, pyramids and other shapes can also be named according to how many faces they have.
- Eric W. Weisstein, Polyhedron at MathWorld.
- Making Polyhedra
- Polyhedra Pages
- Stella: Polyhedron Navigator – Software for exploring polyhedra and printing nets for their physical construction. Includes uniform polyhedra, stellations, compounds, Johnson solids, etc.
- The Uniform Polyhedra
- Virtual Reality Polyhedra – The Encyclopedia of Polyhedra
- Paper Models of Polyhedra Many links
- Paper Models of Uniform (and other) Polyhedra
- Interactive 3D polyhedra in Java Archived 2005-04-03 at the Wayback Machine
- World of Polyhedra Archived 2006-04-14 at the Wayback Machine – Comprehensive polyhedra in flash applet, showing vertices and edges (but not shaded faces)
- Polyhedra software, die-cast models, and posters
- Electronic Geometry Models – Contains a peer reviewed selection of polyhedra with unusual properties
- Symmetry, Crystals and Polyhedra Archived 2017-02-24 at the Wayback Machine
- uniform solution for uniform polyhedra by Dr. Zvi Har'El Archived 2011-05-20 at the Wayback Machine
- Java applet with the use of kaleido Archived 2007-08-18 at the Wayback Machine
- Origami Polyhedra – Models made with Modular Origami
- Polyhedra Collection[permanent dead link] – Various virtual and physical polyhedra models