language of Pakistan

Hindko (ہندکو pronounced [/Hindkoŭ/], also Hindku or Hinko,) is a dialect of Lahnda, spoken by about 5 million people in Pakistan.[2][3] Most of them live in Hazara (now a region of the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa), but there are also speakers in other parts of the province (such as Kohat and Peshawar). There are also speakers in Azad Kashmir and in north-western Punjab. Hazari is the most spoken variety of Hindko.

Native toPakistan
RegionPunjab Province (Attock District), Kohat, Peshawar
Native speakers
5 million (2023)[1]
  • Hazarewal Hindko (which has further subdivisions)
  • Peshawari
  • Kohati
Nasta'liq script
Official status
Official language in
Pakistan as Panjabi
Regulated byThe a national agency for the promotion of Panjabi language
Language codes
ISO 639-3hnd (Southern Hindko)
Dialects of Punjabi and Lahnda languages.

There is no proper, formal generic name for these people because they belong to diverse ethnicities and tend to identify themselves by the larger families, castes and tribes. However the people of the largest group in the districts of Haripur, Abbottabad and Mansehra are sometimes recognised collectively as Hazarawal, named after the Hazara Division that comprises these districts. In Peshawar city they are referred to as "Kharay" meaning City-dwellers or Hindkowans.

References change

  1. Hindko at Ethnologue (16th ed., 2009)
  2. "Lahnda language | Punjabi, Saraiki & Hindko | Britannica". www.britannica.com. Retrieved 2024-01-03.
  3. Rahman, Tariq (2003). Language and politics in Pakistan (3. impr ed.). Karachi: Oxford Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0-19-577692-8.