Language of Pakistan

Hindko (ہندکو pronounced [/Hindkoŭ/], also Hindku or Hinko,) is a n Indo-Aryan language spoken in Pakistan. The language is spoken in areas of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (including Hazara), Punjab (including Attock), and Azad Kashmir by an estimated 2.2 to 4 million.

Southern Hindko
Native toPakistan
RegionPunjab Province (Attock District), Kohat, Peshawar
Native speakers
(625,000 cited 1981)[1]
  • Hazarewal Hindko (which has further subdivisions)
  • Peshawari
  • Kohati
Nasta'liq script
Language codes
ISO 639-3hnd (Southern Hindko)
Dialects of Punjabi

There is no proper, formal generic name for these people because they belong to diverse ethnicities and tend to identify themselves by the larger families, castes and tribes. However the people of the largest group in the districts of Haripur, Abbottabad and Mansehra are sometimes recognised collectively as Hazarawal, named after the Hazara Division that comprises these districts. In Peshawar city they are referred to as "Kharay" meaning City-dwellers or Hindkowans.


  1. Hindko at Ethnologue (16th ed., 2009)