Hinduism in Pakistan

Second biggest religion in Pakistan

Hinduism is the second biggest religion in Pakistan, with about 2.14% of the population being Hindus. This is around 4.4 million people, according to the 2017 Pakistani census. However, the Pakistan Hindu Council says there are 8-10 million Hindus, making up 4% of the population.[1] The Umerkot district has the highest percentage of Hindus, with 52.2% of the population being Hindu. The Tharparkar district has the most Hindus in total, with 714,698 people.[2]

Hindu Devotees going to Baba Chandragup volcano on their way to Hinglaj Mata; one of the most important Hindu pilgrimage sites in the world.

The Indus Valley in Pakistan is believed to be the birthplace of Hinduism. Rigveda, the oldest religious book in Hinduism, was written and composed in Ancient Pakistan.[3][4] Sanskrit, the sacred language of Hinduism also originated in the Swat region of northwestern Pakistan.[5]

Most Hindus in Pakistan live in Punjab and Sindh. They speak different languages like Sindhi, Gujarati, Tamil, Seraiki, Aer, Dhatki, and others. In rural Sindh, the diversity of beliefs often makes it hard to strictly define Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism, and Islam. Even though Pakistan is mostly Muslim, Sindh has a strong Hindu heritage.[6]





The official number of Hindus living in Pakistan was 4.5 million or approx. 2.15% in the 2017 census. However, at different time some of the demographic experts of Pakistan Hindu council as well as various Pakistani Hindu politicians have given numbers based on their estimation research:

Number of Hindus residing in Pakistan as an estimation research of (2019–21)
Source/claimed by Population Year of claimed
Pakistan Hindu Council[7] 8,000,000 2020
Gulf News (U.A.E based)[8] 8,800,000 2019
The Economic Times (according to an official estimation)[9] 7,500,000 2021
According to Hindu community of Pakistan[9] 9,000,000 2021
Claimed by Mangla Sharma, member provincial assembly (MPA) from Muttahida Quami Movement-Pakistan (MQM-P)[10] 10,000,000 2020

Percentage by district


Following is a table showing the percentage of Hindus in the districts of Pakistan:

Administrative Unit District Percentage of Hindus
Sindh Umerkot 54.53%
Tharparkar 43.39%
Mirpurkhas 38.74%
Tando Allahyar 34.17%
Badin 23.61%
Tando Muhammad Khan 22.25%
Sanghar 21.79%
Matiari 16.66%
Hyderabad 8.22%
Ghotki 6.19%
Karachi South 4.01%
Jamshoro 3.87%
Shaheed Benazirabad 3.86%
Sukkur 3.55%
Kashmore 3.22%
Thatta 3%
Sujawal District 2.91%
Khairpur 2.76%
Jacobabad 2.16%
Malir 1.77%
Naushahro Feroze 1.64%
Larkana 1.45%
Shikarpur 1.4%
Karachi East 1.38%
Punjab Rahim Yar Khan 3.12%
Bahawalpur 1.12%
Balochistan Sibi 2.4%
Lasbela 1.58%
Jaffarabad 1.34%
Kacchi 1.04%
Mastung 1%
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Kohat 1%


  1. "Headcount finalised sans third-party audit". The Express Tribune. 2018-05-26. Retrieved 2023-11-24.
  2. "Hindu Population (PK) – Pakistan Hindu Council". web.archive.org. 2018-03-15. Archived from the original on 2018-03-15. Retrieved 2023-11-24.
  3. "Hinduism". home.csulb.edu. Retrieved 2024-05-01.
  4. Ahmed, Shoaib (2021-10-06). "'All Vedas of Hinduism were written in Lahore'". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2024-05-01.
  5. mushtaq-soofi (2013-02-15). "Language: Sanskrit and Prakrits!". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2024-05-01.
  6. Maclean, Derryl N. (1989). Religion and Society in Arab Sind. Brill. p. 52. ISBN 90-04-08551-3.
  7. "Hindu Population (PK) – Pakistan Hindu Council". Pakistan Hindu Council. 13 January 2017. Archived from the original on 15 August 2020. Retrieved 2021-05-06.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  8. "Hindus of Pakistan reject CAA, do not want Indian Prime Minister Modi's offer of citizenship". Gulf News. 18 December 2019. Archived from the original on 18 December 2019. Retrieved 2021-05-06.
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Pakistan: Hindu community pardons mob accused of vandalising temple". The Economic Times. Archived from the original on 6 May 2021. Retrieved 2021-05-06.
  10. "Two years after it counted population, Pakistan silent on minority numbers". The Indian Express. 2020-01-07. Archived from the original on 31 December 2020. Retrieved 2021-05-06.