Hunga Tonga

mount in Tonga

Hunga Tonga–Hunga Haʻapai is a volcanic island[1] in Tonga. It is about 30 km (19 mi) south of the submarine volcano of Fonuafoʻou and 65 km (40 mi) north of Tongatapu, the country's main island

The volcano is part of the highly active Tonga–Kermadec Islands volcanic arc.[2][3]

On 14 January 2022, it erupted violently.


  1. "New island 'now home to flowers and owls'". BBC News. 2019-02-07. Archived from the original on 2020-07-18. Retrieved 2020-08-19.
  2. Clift, Peter D.; Rose, Estelle F.; Shimizu, Nobumichi; Layne, Graham D.; Draut, Amy E.; and Regelous, Marcel. "Tracing the Evolving Flux From the Subducting Plate in the Tonga-Kermadec Arc System Using Boron in Volcanic Glass." Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 65:19 (October 2001). doi:10.1016/S0016-7037(01)00670-6
  3. Gupta, Alok K. Igneous Rocks. Mumbai, India: Allied Publishers, 1998. ISBN 81-7023-784-X