2022 Hunga Tonga eruption and tsunami

major volcanic eruption in Tonga that occurred on 15 January 2022

A very large eruption of Hunga Tonga–Hunga Haʻapai, a volcanic island of Tonga in the Pacific Ocean. It began on 14 January 2022. Hunga Tonga is 65 km (40 mi) north of Tongatapu, the country's main island.[1]

Animation of the eruption on 15 January.

The eruption caused tsunamis in Tonga, Fiji, American Samoa and parts of the Pacific Ocean. Warnings were issued in Fiji, Samoa, Vanuatu, New Zealand, Australia, Japan, Russia, the United States, Canada, Mexico, Chile and Ecuador.

Damaging tsunami waves were reported in New Zealand, the United States, Chile and Peru. It is the largest volcanic eruption of the 21st century and the largest since the 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo.[2]

References change

  1. "Hunga Tonga–Hunga Ha'apai". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution.
  2. "Tonga eruption likely the world's largest in 30 years - scientist". rnz.co.nz. 17 January 2022. Archived from the original on 16 January 2022. Retrieved 16 January 2022.