Hyōgo Prefecture

prefecture of Japan

Hyōgo Prefecture is a prefecture in the Kansai region of Japan on the island of Honshu.[1] The capital city is Kobe.[2]

Hyōgo
兵庫県
Japanese transcription(s)
 • RomajiHyōgo-ken
Official seal of Hyōgo
Location of Hyōgo in Japan
Location of Hyōgo in Japan
Country Japan
RegionKansai
IslandHonshu
CapitalKobe
Government
 • GovernorMotohiko Saitō
Area
 • Total8,396.13 km2 (3,241.76 sq mi)
Area rank12th
Population
 (November 1, 2011)
 • Total5,582,978
 • Rank7th
 • Density660/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-28
Prefectural flowerNojigiku (Chrysanthemum japonense)
Prefectural treeCamphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora)
Prefectural birdOriental white stork (Ciconia boyciana)
Number of districts8
Number of municipalities41
Websiteweb.pref.hyogo.lg.jp/fl/english/
Emblem of Hyogo Prefecture.svg

HistoryEdit

In the Meiji period, Hyōgo Prefecture was formed by merging the provinces of Harima, Tajima, Awaji, and parts of Tamba and Settsu.[3]

In 1993, Himeji Castle was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is in the city of Himeji.[4]

In 1995, the Great Hanshin earthquake damaged Kobe and neighboring Osaka Prefecture. It caused the deaths of 5,000+ people.[5]

GeographyEdit

Hyōgo has coastlines on two seas. The Sea of Japan is north of the prefecture and the Seto Inland Sea is on the south. Awaji Island in the Inland Sea is part of Hyōgo.

Hyōgo shares land borders with Osaka Prefecture, Kyoto Prefecture, Tottori Prefecture and Okayama Prefecture.

CitiesEdit

There are twenty-nine cities in Hyōgo Prefecture, including

Chūō-ku
Higashinada-ku
Hyōgo-ku
Kita-ku
Nada-ku
Nagata-ku
Nishi-ku
Suma-ku
Tarumi-ku

National ParksEdit

National Parks are established in about 20% of the total land area of the prefecture.[6]

Shrines and TemplesEdit

Izumo daijinju is the chief Shinto shrines (ichinomiya) in the prefecture. [7]

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Hyōgo prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, pp. 363-365; "Kansai" at p. 477.
  2. Nussbaum, "Kobe" at p. 537.
  3. Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780.
  4. Japan-i.jp, Himeji-jo[permanent dead link]; retrieved 2012-8-30.
  5. Fukushima, Glen S. "The Great Hanshin Earthquake," Archived 2012-12-18 at the Wayback Machine Japan Policy Research Institute (JPRI), March 1995; retrieved 2012-8-30.
  6. Japan Ministry of the Environment, "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture"; retrieved 2012-3-13.
  7. "Nationwide List of Ichinomiya," p. 2 Archived 2013-05-17 at the Wayback Machine; retrieved 2012-3-13.

Other websitesEdit

  Media related to Hyōgo prefecture at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 34°41′26.94″N 135°10′59.08″E / 34.6908167°N 135.1830778°E / 34.6908167; 135.1830778