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Imperial College London

public research university located in London, United Kingdom

Imperial College London (IC) is a large university in central London.[1] It specialises in business, engineering, medicine and science.[4][5]

Imperial College London
MottoScientia imperii decus et tutamen: Knowledge is the adornment and protection of the Empire
Established8 July 1907[1]
Endowment£58.8 million (2009/10)[2]
RectorAlice Gast[3]
VisitorThe Lord President of the Council ex officio
Administrative staff
approx. 7,240
LocationLondon, United Kingdom
AffiliationsLeague of European Research Universities
Oak Ridge Associated Universities
Russell Group
Imperial College London.svg

Imperial College was a constituent college of the University of London. It became fully independent in 2007, the 100th anniversary of its founding.[6]

Imperial is among the best universities. It ranks 2nd in the 2015 QS World University Rankings and 9th in the 2015 Times Higher Education World University Rankings.[7][8] Imperial ranked 22 in the 2014 Shanghai world rankings.[9]

Imperial's faculty and alumni include 15 Nobel laureates, 2 Fields Medalists, 70 Fellows of the Royal Society, 82 Fellows of the Royal Academy of Engineering and 78 Fellows of the Academy of Medical Sciences.[10]


Imperial's main campus is in the South Kensington area of Central London. It is on the boundary between the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea and the City of Westminster. Its main entrance is on Exhibition Road.

IC has a number of other campuses in Central London. With 525,233 square metres, it has the largest working estate of any higher education institution in the UK.[11]

Imperial has around 14,700 full-time students and 3,330 academic and research staff.[12] It had a total income of £694 million in 2009/10, of which £297 million was from research grants and contracts.[2]

Imperial is ranked 26th in the world (and 5th in Europe) in the 2010 Academic Ranking of World Universities,[13] 7th in the world (and 4th in Europe) in the 2010 QS World University Rankings,[14] and 9th in the world (and 3rd in Europe) in the 2010 Times Higher Education World University Rankings.[15]

There are currently 14 Nobel Prize winners and two Fields Medal winners amongst Imperial's alumni and current and former faculty.[16][17]

Imperial is a member of the G5, the League of European Research Universities, Oak Ridge Associated Universities and the Russell Group. It forms part of the 'Golden Triangle' of British universities.[18]


Imperial was formed indirectly by Prince Albert. Under his guidance, the Crown bought land in South Kensington to establish educational and cultural institutions. The area was referred to as "Albertopolis" by sceptics. The area included the Natural History Museum, the Victoria and Albert Museum, the Science Museum, the Royal Albert Hall and the Imperial Institute.[19][20] The Imperial Institute was opened by Queen Victoria, who laid the first brick.[21]


  • Annual Report and Accounts 2013–14. Imperial College London. [2]
  1. 1.0 1.1 officially The Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Annual Report and Accounts 2009-10" (PDF). Imperial College London. Retrieved 13 December 2010.
  3. "'Collaboration essential', says Alice Gast on becoming Imperial's 16th President". Retrieved 30 September 2014.
  4. [1]
  5. "About us". Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  6. University of London: Imperial College leaves University of London
  7. "QS World University Rankings® 2014/15". Top Universities. 2014-09-11. Retrieved 2015-03-10.
  8. "World University Rankings 2014-2015". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 2015-03-10.
  9. "ARWU - Imperial College, London". Shanghai Ranking Consultancy. 2014
  10. "Award winners | Imperial College London". Retrieved 2015-03-10.
  11. "Imperial College - Centenary website - Did you know". 2006-11-06. Retrieved 2011-03-23.
  12. "Statistics Pocket Guide 2009–10" (PDF). Imperial College London. Retrieved 17 November 2010.
  13. "Top 100". Academic Ranking of World Universities - 2010. Retrieved 1 October 2010.
  14. "QS World University Rankings Results 2010". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. Retrieved 1 October 2010.
  15. "Top 200". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 1 October 2010.
  16. "Nobel Laureates associated with Imperial College". Imperial College London. Retrieved 4 October 2010.
  17. "Fields Medalists associated with Imperial College". Imperial College London. Retrieved 24 October 2010.
  18. "'Golden triangle' to win funding riches". Times Higher Education. 11 February 2010. Retrieved 2 September 2010.
  19. "History of Imperial College". External link in |website= (help); Missing or empty |url= (help)
  20. "Ted Talks Imperial College London HIstory". External link in |website= (help); Missing or empty |url= (help)
  21. "A timeline of College Developments". Imperial College London.