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Jeanne Calment

French supercentenarian (1875-1997), oldest human

Jeanne Louise Calment (21 February 1875 – 4 August 1997) was a French supercentenarian. She was born in Arles. At the age of 122 years and 164 days, she is the verified oldest person ever, although her claimed age is disputed. She was active during her life, lived on her own until she was almost 110, and talked a lot until months before her death. She became the undisputed oldest person ever in 1990.

Jeanne Calment
JeanneCalmentaged20.jpg
Jeanne Calment, at the age of 20
Pronunciationʒan kalmɑ̃
Born
Jeanne Louise Calment

(1875-02-21)21 February 1875
Died(1997-08-04)4 August 1997
(aged 122 years, 164 days)
Arles, France
NationalityFrench
Known for
  • Longest confirmed human lifespan – since 12 May 1990
  • Oldest living person
    (11 January 1988 – 4 August 1997)
Spouse(s)
Fernand Calment
(m. 1896; died 1942)
Children1 daughter, Yvonne

Calment still rode her bike at the age of 100 in 1975. Once, she fell off and developed a brief period of amnesia. She recovered sometime later. In 1888, when she was 13, Calment met Vincent van Gogh while he visited her uncle's shop to buy canvas.

During her later years in the 1990s, she could not hear very well. In 1995 at the age of 120 years, she became the subject of her own documentary, 120 Years with Jeanne Calment. She died in Arles.[1]

ControversyEdit

A recent study has disputed Jeanne Calment's claimed age with a hypothesis that Jeanne's daughter Yvonne, born 1898 and claimed to have died of pneumonia in 1934, usurped Jeanne's identity upon Jeanne's death in 1934. In that scenario, Yvonne Calment would have died in 1997, claiming to be her mother and aged 122 but in fact she was aged 99.[2]

The oldest person ever who is undisputed is Americanwoman Sarah Knauss, who lived to age 119 years, 97 days.

ReferencesEdit

  1. Whitney, Craig R. (5 August 1997). "Jeanne Calment, World's Elder, Dies at 122". The New York Times. Retrieved 4 February 2016.
  2. https://www.connexionfrance.com/French-news/DNA-blood-test-could-reveal-if-Jeanne-Calment-was-really-122

ReferencesEdit

Preceded by
Florence Knapp
Oldest Recognized Living Person
11 January 1988 – 4 August 1997
Succeeded by
Marie-Louise Meilleur