Jeanne Louise Calment (21 February 1875 – 4 August 1997) was a French supercentenarian. She was born in Arles. At the age of 122 years and 164 days, she is the verified oldest person ever, although her claimed age is disputed. She was active during her life, lived on her own until she was almost 110, and talked a lot until months before her death. She became the undisputed oldest person ever in 1990.
Calment still rode her bike at the age of 100 in 1975. Once, she fell off and developed a brief period of amnesia. She recovered sometime later. In 1888, when she was 13, Calment met Vincent van Gogh while he visited her uncle's shop to buy canvas.
A recent study has disputed Jeanne Calment's claimed age with a hypothesis that Jeanne's daughter Yvonne, born 1898 and claimed to have died of pneumonia in 1934, usurped Jeanne's identity upon Jeanne's death in 1934. In that scenario, Yvonne Calment would have died in 1997, claiming to be her mother and aged 122 but in fact she was aged 99.
The oldest person ever who is undisputed is American woman Sarah Knauss, who lived to age 119 years, 97 days.
- Whitney, Craig R. (5 August 1997). "Jeanne Calment, World's Elder, Dies at 122". The New York Times. Retrieved 4 February 2016.