Jian (治安) was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name"), also known as Chi'an, after Kannin and before Manju. This period started in February 1021 and ended in July 1024. The reigning emperor was Go-Ichijō-tennō (後一条天皇).
Events of the Jian eraEdit
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kannin" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 474.
- Nussbaum. "Manjū" at p. 607.
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 156-159; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 307-310; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. p. 195-196.
- Dykstra, Yoshiko Kurata. (2001). The Konjaku Tales: from a Medieval Japanese Collection, Vol. 2, p. 13.
- Horton, Sarah J. (2007). Living Buddhist Statues in Early Medieval and Modern Japan, p. 143.
- Nihon Kiristokyō Kyōgikai. (2001). Japanese Religions, Vols. 26-27, pp. 34-35.
- Pankenier, David. (1999). Archaeoastronomy in East Asia: Historical Observational Records of Comets and Meteor Showers from China, Japan, and Korea, p. 89.
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
|Era or nengō: