Japanese era from August 1177 to July 1181
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Jishō (治承) was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Angen and before Yōwa. This period started in August 1177 and ended in July 1181.[1] The reigning emperors were Takakura-tennō (高倉天皇) and Antoku-tennō (安徳天皇).[2]

Events of the Jishō era

  • 1177 (Jishō 1, 28th day of the 4th month): A great fire in the capital was spread by high winds; and the palace was destroyed.[3]
  • 1180 (Jisho 4, 21st day of the 2nd month): Takakura abdicated.[4]
  • 1180 (Jishō 4, 21st day of the 4th month): In the 12th year of Takakura's reign, the emperor was forced to abdicate; and the succession (senso) was received by his son.[5]
  • 1180 (Jisho 4, 2nd day of the 6th month): The court leaves Heian-kyō for Fukuhara, which is near modern-day Kōbe in Hyōgo.[4]
  • 1180 (Jisho 4, 26th day of the 11th month): The capital is moved back to Heian-kyō.[8]
  • 30 January 1181 (Jisho 5, 14th day of the 1st month): Takakura died.[10]


  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Jishō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 425.
  2. Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 195-200; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 330-333; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. pp. 212-214.
  3. Titsingh, p. 198; Kitagawa, H. (1975). The Tale of the Heike, p. 783; Kamo no Chōmei. (1212). Hōjōki.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Kitagawa, H. (1975). The Tale of the Heike, p. 784.
  5. Titsingh, p. 200; Brown, p. 333; Kitagawa, p. 784.
  6. Kitagawa, p. 784.
  7. Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2012-2-26.
  8. Kitagawa, p. 785.
  9. Kamo no Chōmei. (1212). Hōjōki.
  10. Kitagawa, p. 785; Kunaichō, 高倉天皇 (80); retrieved 2012-5-23.

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Jishō 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th
Gregorian 1177 1178 1179 1180 1181
Preceded by:
Era or nengō:
Succeeded by: