Kaliningrad (Russian: Калинингра́д; Lithuanian: Karaliaučius; German: Königsberg (help·info); Polish: Królewiec; briefly Russified as Russian: Кёнигсберг Kyonigsberg) is a seaport and the administrative center of Kaliningrad Oblast, the Russian exclave between Poland and Lithuania on the Baltic Sea. Kaliningrad is the second-largest city in the Northwestern Federal District, after Saint Petersburg, the third-largest city in the Baltic region and the seventh-largest city on the Baltic Sea. It is the westernmost Oblast of Russia.
|Federal subject||Kaliningrad Oblast|
|Founded||1 September 1255|
|• Body||City Council of Deputies|
|• Head||Alexey Silanov|
|• Total||223.03 km2 (86.11 sq mi)|
|Elevation||5 m (16 ft)|
| • Estimate |
|• Rank||40th in 2010|
|• Density||1,900/km2 (5,000/sq mi)|
|• Subordinated to||city of oblast significance of Kaliningrad|
|• Capital of||Kaliningrad Oblast, city of oblast significance of Kaliningrad|
|• Urban okrug||Kaliningrad Urban Okrug|
|• Capital of||Kaliningrad Urban Okrug|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (MSK–1 )|
236001 - 236999
|Dialing code(s)||+7 4012|
|City Day||4 July; observed on the first Saturday of July|
|Twin towns||Klaipėda, Zeitz, Aalborg, Odense, Bremerhaven, Kiel, Rostock, Lichtenberg, Southampton, Cork, Kaunas, Panevėžys, Šiauliai, Vilnius, Groningen, Białystok, Gdańsk, Elbląg, Łódź, Olsztyn, Racibórz, Toruń, Zabrze, Zwolle, Mexico City, Malmö Municipality, Norfolk, Burlöv Municipality, Kalmar Municipality, Omsk, Brest, Cagliari, Cherbourg-Octeville, Dalian, Yerevan, Forlì, Gomel, Guyuan, Hamburg, Grodno, Kętrzyn County, Kherson, Krasnoyarsk, Minsk, Potsdam, Samara, Severodvinsk, Turku, Yaroslavl, Baranavichy, Panevėžys City Municipality, Patras, Karlshamn Municipality, Gdynia|
In 2002, it had a population of 430,003 people. This was more than in 1989, when the last census was done. At that time, the city only had a population of 401,280. About 78% of the people there are Russians, 8% Belarusians, and 7.3% Ukrainians.
It was named Königsberg originally. It was the capital city of the German province of East Prussia, the earlier Duchy of Prussia, and before that of the Monastic State of the Teutonic Knights. The city had that name from 1254 to 1945. The people were mostly Germans but they were expelled and replaced during wars.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kaliningrad.|
- Article 6 of the Charter of Kaliningrad states that the city may have an anthem, providing one is officially adopted. As of 2015[update], an anthem is not listed among the symbols of the city shown on the official website of Kaliningrad.
- Official website of Kaliningrad. Passport of Kaliningrad Urban Okrug. (in Russian)
- Charter of Kaliningrad, Article 25
- Official website of Kaliningrad. Head of the City, Alexander Georgiyevich Yaroshuk. (in Russian)
- "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
- "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
- "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 June 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
- Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
- Kaliningrad Oblast