Kagoshima Prefecture

prefecture of Japan

Kagoshima Prefecture (鹿児島県, Kagoshima-ken) is a prefecture of Japan on the island of Kyushu.[1] The capital city is Kagoshima.[2]

Japanese transcription(s)
 • RomajiKagoshima-ken
Flag of Kagoshima
Official seal of Kagoshima
Location of Kagoshima in Japan
Location of Kagoshima in Japan
Coordinates: 31°24′N 130°31′E / 31.400°N 130.517°E / 31.400; 130.517
Country Japan
RegionKyushu (Saikaidō)
 • GovernorYūichirō Itō
 • Total9,132.42 km2 (3,526.05 sq mi)
 • Rank10th
 (December 1, 2010)
 • Total1,703,406
 • Rank24th
 • Density190/km2 (480/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-46
Prefectural flowerMiyamakirishima (Rhododendron kiusianum)
Prefectural treeCamphor laurel
(Cinnamomum camphora)
Prefectural birdLidth's Jay (Garrulus lidthi)
Number of districts8
Number of municipalities43

History change

Kagoshima Prefecture is made from the old provinces of Ōsumi and Satsuma, including the northern part of the Ryukyu Islands.[3]

During the Sengoku period and Edo period, Ōsumi was controlled by the Shimazu clan of Satsuma.

This region played a key role in the Meiji Restoration. Important historical figures from Kagoshima are Saigo Takamori and Tōgō Heihachirō.[4]

Timeline change

Geography change

Kagoshima borders Kumamoto Prefecture and Miyazaki Prefecture. It is in the southern part of Kyushu facing the Pacific Ocean.

Cities change

National Parks change

National Parks are established in about 9% of the total land area of the prefecture.[9]

Shrines and Temples change

Kagoshima jinja, Hirasaki jinja and Nitta Hachiman-gū are the chief Shinto shrines (ichinomiya) in the prefecture.[10]

Related pages change

References change

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kagoshima prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 447; Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO), Kagoshima Prefecture, Regional Information; retrieved 2012-4-6.
  2. Nussbaum, "Kagoshima" at p. 447.
  3. Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780.
  4. 4.0 4.1 History of Kagoshima Archived 2016-08-22 at the Wayback Machine; retrieved 2012-2-4.
  5. Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 64.
  6. History of the Catholic Church in Japan; retrieved 2012-2-4.
  7. Davison, C. "The Sakura-Jima Eruption of January, 1914," Nature. 98:57-58 (21 September 1916), doi:10.1038/098057b0; Illustrated London News. January 24, 1914; retrieved 2012-2-4.
  8. Kyushu Shinkansen Kagoshima Route Archived 2012-01-10 at the Wayback Machine; retrieved 2012-2-4.
  9. Japan Ministry of the Environment, "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture"; retrieved 2012-3-13.
  10. "Nationwide List of Ichinomiya," p. 3 Archived 2013-05-17 at the Wayback Machine; retrieved 2012-2-4.

Other websites change

  Media related to Kagoshima prefecture at Wikimedia Commons