Kagoshima Prefecture

prefecture of Japan

Kagoshima Prefecture (鹿児島県, Kagoshima-ken) is a prefecture of Japan on the island of Kyushu.[1] The capital city is Kagoshima.[2]

Kagoshima
鹿児島県
Japanese transcription(s)
 • RomajiKagoshima-ken
Flag of Kagoshima
Official seal of Kagoshima
Location of Kagoshima in Japan
Location of Kagoshima in Japan
Coordinates: 31°24′N 130°31′E / 31.400°N 130.517°E / 31.400; 130.517
Country Japan
RegionKyushu (Saikaidō)
IslandKyushu
CapitalKagoshima
Government
 • GovernorYūichirō Itō
Area
 • Total9,132.42 km2 (3,526.05 sq mi)
 • Rank10th
Population
 (December 1, 2010)
 • Total1,703,406
 • Rank24th
 • Density190/km2 (480/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-46
Prefectural flowerMiyamakirishima (Rhododendron kiusianum)
Prefectural treeCamphor laurel
(Cinnamomum camphora)
Prefectural birdLidth's Jay (Garrulus lidthi)
Number of districts8
Number of municipalities43
Websitewww3.pref.kagoshima.jp/
foreign/english/

History

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Kagoshima Prefecture is made from the old provinces of Ōsumi and Satsuma, including the northern part of the Ryukyu Islands.[3]

During the Sengoku period and Edo period, Ōsumi was controlled by the Shimazu clan of Satsuma.

This region played a key role in the Meiji Restoration. Important historical figures from Kagoshima are Saigo Takamori and Tōgō Heihachirō.[4]

Timeline

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Geography

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Kagoshima borders Kumamoto Prefecture and Miyazaki Prefecture. It is in the southern part of Kyushu facing the Pacific Ocean.

Cities

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National Parks

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National Parks are established in about 9% of the total land area of the prefecture.[9]

Shrines and Temples

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Kagoshima jinja, Hirasaki jinja and Nitta Hachiman-gū are the chief Shinto shrines (ichinomiya) in the prefecture.[10]

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References

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  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kagoshima prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 447; Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO), Kagoshima Prefecture, Regional Information; retrieved 2012-4-6.
  2. Nussbaum, "Kagoshima" at p. 447.
  3. Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780.
  4. 4.0 4.1 History of Kagoshima Archived 2016-08-22 at the Wayback Machine; retrieved 2012-2-4.
  5. Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 64.
  6. History of the Catholic Church in Japan; retrieved 2012-2-4.
  7. Davison, C. "The Sakura-Jima Eruption of January, 1914," Nature. 98:57-58 (21 September 1916), doi:10.1038/098057b0; Illustrated London News. January 24, 1914; retrieved 2012-2-4.
  8. Kyushu Shinkansen Kagoshima Route Archived 2012-01-10 at the Wayback Machine; retrieved 2012-2-4.
  9. Japan Ministry of the Environment, "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture"; retrieved 2012-3-13.
  10. "Nationwide List of Ichinomiya," p. 3 Archived 2013-05-17 at the Wayback Machine; retrieved 2012-2-4.

Other websites

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  Media related to Kagoshima prefecture at Wikimedia Commons