Kagoshima Prefecture

prefecture of Japan

Kagoshima Prefecture (鹿児島県, Kagoshima-ken) is a prefecture of Japan on the island of Kyushu.[1] The capital city is Kagoshima.[2]

Kagoshima Prefecture
Japanese: 鹿児島県
Map of Japan with Kagoshima highlighted
Capital Kagoshima
Region Kyushu (Saikaidō)
Island Kyushu
Governor Yūichirō Itō
Area (rank) 9,132.42 km² (10th)
 - % water 0.2%
Population  (December 1, 2010)
 - Population 1,703,406 (24th)
 - Density 186.52 /km²
Districts 8
Municipalities 43
ISO 3166-2 JP-46
Website www3.pref.kagoshima.jp/
Prefectural Symbols
 - Flower Miyamakirishima (Rhododendron kiusianum)
 - Tree Camphor laurel
(Cinnamomum camphora)
 - Bird Lidth's Jay (Garrulus lidthi)
 - Fish
Symbol of Kagoshima Prefecture
Symbol of Kagoshima Prefecture
Emblem of Kagoshima Prefecture.svg


Kagoshima Prefecture is made from the old provinces of Ōsumi and Satsuma, including the northern part of the Ryukyu Islands.[3]

During the Sengoku period and Edo period, Ōsumi was controlled by the Shimazu clan of Satsuma.

This region played a key role in the Meiji Restoration. Important historical figures from Kagoshima are Saigo Takamori and Tōgō Heihachirō.[4]



Kagoshima borders Kumamoto Prefecture and Miyazaki Prefecture. It is in the southern part of Kyushu facing the Pacific Ocean.


National ParksEdit

National Parks are established in about 9% of the total land area of the prefecture.[9]

Shrines and TemplesEdit

Kagoshima jinja, Hirasaki jinja and Nitta Hachiman-gū are the chief Shinto shrines (ichinomiya) in the prefecture.[10]

Related pagesEdit


  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kagoshima prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 447; Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO), Kagoshima Prefecture, Regional Information; retrieved 2012-4-6.
  2. Nussbaum, "Kagoshima" at p. 447.
  3. Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780.
  4. 4.0 4.1 History of Kagoshima; retrieved 2012-2-4.
  5. Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 64.
  6. History of the Catholic Church in Japan; retrieved 2012-2-4.
  7. Davison, C. "The Sakura-Jima Eruption of January, 1914," Nature. 98:57-58 (21 September 1916), doi:10.1038/098057b0; Illustrated London News. January 24, 1914; retrieved 2012-2-4.
  8. Kyushu Shinkansen Kagoshima Route; retrieved 2012-2-4.
  9. Japan Ministry of the Environment, "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture"; retrieved 2012-3-13.
  10. "Nationwide List of Ichinomiya," p. 3; retrieved 2012-2-4.

Other websitesEdit

  Media related to Kagoshima prefecture at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 31°24′N 130°31′E / 31.400°N 130.517°E / 31.400; 130.517