Kagoshima Prefecture (鹿児島県, Kagoshima-ken) is a prefecture of Japan on the island of Kyushu. The capital city is Kagoshima.
|• Governor||Yūichirō Itō|
|• Total||9,132.42 km2 (3,526.05 sq mi)|
(December 1, 2010)
|• Density||190/km2 (480/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||JP-46|
|Prefectural flower||Miyamakirishima (Rhododendron kiusianum)|
|Prefectural tree||Camphor laurel|
|Prefectural bird||Lidth's Jay (Garrulus lidthi)|
|Number of districts||8|
|Number of municipalities||43|
Kagoshima Prefecture is made from the old provinces of Ōsumi and Satsuma, including the northern part of the Ryukyu Islands.
During the Sengoku period and Edo period, Ōsumi was controlled by the Shimazu clan of Satsuma.
This region played a key role in the Meiji Restoration. Important historical figures from Kagoshima are Saigo Takamori and Tōgō Heihachirō.
- 713 (Wadō 6, 3rd month) – Ōsumi Province was separated from Hyūga Province.
- 1543 (Tenbun 12, 25th day of the 8th month): 1st gun is brought to Japan by the Portuguese
- 1549 (Tenbun 18, 3rd day of the 7th month): Catholic Francis Xavier arrives in Kagoshima
- 1914 (Taishō 3, 1st month): Eruption of the Sakurajima volcano
- 2004 (Heisei 16): Kyushu Shinkansen line opens in Kagoshima
Kagoshima borders Kumamoto Prefecture and Miyazaki Prefecture. It is in the southern part of Kyushu facing the Pacific Ocean.
National Parks are established in about 9% of the total land area of the prefecture.
Shrines and TemplesEdit
Kagoshima jinja, Hirasaki jinja and Nitta Hachiman-gū are the chief Shinto shrines (ichinomiya) in the prefecture.
- ↑ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kagoshima prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 447; Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO), Kagoshima Prefecture, Regional Information; retrieved 2012-4-6.
- ↑ Nussbaum, "Kagoshima" at p. 447.
- ↑ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780.
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 History of Kagoshima Archived 2016-08-22 at the Wayback Machine; retrieved 2012-2-4.
- ↑ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 64.
- ↑ History of the Catholic Church in Japan; retrieved 2012-2-4.
- ↑ Davison, C. "The Sakura-Jima Eruption of January, 1914," Nature. 98:57-58 (21 September 1916), doi:10.1038/098057b0; Illustrated London News. January 24, 1914; retrieved 2012-2-4.
- ↑ Kyushu Shinkansen Kagoshima Route Archived 2012-01-10 at the Wayback Machine; retrieved 2012-2-4.
- ↑ Japan Ministry of the Environment, "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture"; retrieved 2012-3-13.
- ↑ "Nationwide List of Ichinomiya," p. 3 Archived 2013-05-17 at the Wayback Machine; retrieved 2012-2-4.
Media related to Kagoshima prefecture at Wikimedia Commons
- http://www.pref.kagoshima.jp/foreign/english/index.html Archived 2015-06-11 at the Wayback Machine; (in Japanese)