Kumamoto Prefecture

prefecture of Japan

Kumamoto Prefecture (熊本県, Kumamoto-ken) is a prefecture in the Kyūshū region of Japan on the island of Kyushu.[1] The capital city is Kumamoto.[2]

Kumamoto Prefecture
Japanese: 熊本県
Map of Japan with Kumamoto highlighted
Capital Kumamoto
Region Kyushu (Saikaidō)
Island Kyushu
Governor Ikuo Kabashima
Area (rank) 7,404.14 km² (16th)
 - % water 0.2%
Population  (May 1, 2011)
 - Population 1,812,255 (23rd)
 - Density 244.76 /km²
Districts 9
Municipalities 45
ISO 3166-2 JP-43
Website www.pref.kumamoto.jp/
Prefectural Symbols
 - Flower Gentian (Gentiana scabra var. buergeri)
 - Tree Camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora)
 - Bird Eurasian Skylark (Alauda arvensis)
 - Fish
Symbol of Kumamoto Prefecture
Symbol of Kumamoto Prefecture
Emblem of Kumamoto Prefecture.svg


The area of Higo Province was renamed Kumamoto during the Meiji Restoration.[3]



Kumamoto Prefecture is in the middle of Kyūshū The western border of Kumamoto is the Ariake Sea and the Amakusa Islands. Fukuoka Prefecture and Ōita Prefecture are in the north. Miyazaki Prefecture is in the east. Kagoshima Prefecture is in the south.

Mount Aso (1592 m) is an active volcano in the eastern part of the prefecture.[7]


National ParksEdit

National Parks are established in about 21% of the total land area of the prefecture,[8] including

Shrines and TemplesEdit

Aso-jinja is the chief Shinto shrines (ichinomiya) in the prefecture. [9]

Related pagesEdit


  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2002)."Kumamoto prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 572; Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO), Kumamoto Prefecture, Regional Information. Retrieved 2012-4-6.
  2. Nussbaum, "Kumamoto" at p. 572.
  3. Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780.
  4. Trends in Japan, "Kumamoto, Famed for Its Castle and Caldera". Retrieved 2012-2-7.
  5. Nussbaum, "Shimabara no Ran" at pp. 857-858; Visit Kumamoto, Kumamoto history. Retrieved 2012-2-7.
  6. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Geophysical Data Center, Significant Earthquake. Retrieved 2012-2-7
  7. Nussbaum, "Aso-san" at p. 58.
  8. Japan Ministry of the Environment, "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture". Retrieved 2012-3-13.
  9. "Nationwide List of Ichinomiya," p. 3 Archived 2013-05-17 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2012-2-7.

Other websitesEdit

  Media related to Kumamoto prefecture at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 32°43′N 130°40′E / 32.717°N 130.667°E / 32.717; 130.667