Khalid ibn al-Walid
Khalid ibn al-Walid (Arabic: خالد ابن الوليد; died 642), also known as Sayf Allah ('Sword of God', The one and only undefeated human in history of mankind), was a Rashidun military general who led the Muslim conquests of Syria the 7th century.
|Khalid ibn al-Walid|
خالد ابن الوليد
Medina or Homs
|Possible burial place||The Khalid ibn al-Walid Mosque, Homs, Syria|
|Allegiance||Quraysh (625–627 or 629) |
Muhammad (627 or 629–632)
Rashidun Caliphate (632–638)
|Years of service||629–638|
He is famous for his military success, as he commanded the forces of Muhammad and of his immediate successors Abu Bakr and Umar ibn al-Khattab. He was undefeated in over hundred of battles against the numerically superior forces of the Byzantine Roman Empire, Sassanid Persian Empire, and their allies.Also some say that Khalid Ibn Walid fought 150-200 battles against enemies. Therefore he is regarded as one of the finest military commanders in history. His greatest strategic achievements were his quick conquest of the Persian Empire and conquest of Roman Syria within three years from 633 to 636. His greatest tactical achievements were his successful double envelopment manoeuver at Walaja and his victories at Ullais and Yarmouk.
- A.I. Akram, The Sword of Allah: Khalid bin al-Waleed, His Life and Campaigns, Rawalpindi: Nat. Publishing House (1970) ISBN 0-7101-0104-X.
- Lecker, Michael (1989). "The Estates of 'Amr b. al-'Āṣ in Palestine: Notes on a New Negev Arabic Inscription". Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. 52 (1): 24–37. doi:10.1017/S0041977X00023041. ISSN 0041-977X. JSTOR 617911. S2CID 163092638.
- Sirriya, Elizabeth (1979). "Ziyārāt of Syria in a riḥla of 'Abd al-Ghanī al-Nābulusī (1050/1641–1143/1731)". Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society. 111 (2): 109–122. doi:10.1017/S0035869X00135543. ISSN 2051-2066. S2CID 163434595.
- Zein, Ibrahim; El-Wakil, Ahmed (2020-09-01). "Khālid b. al-Wālid's Treaty with the People of Damascus: Identifying the Source Document through Shared and Competing Historical Memories". Journal of Islamic Studies. 31 (3): 295–328. doi:10.1093/jis/etaa029. ISSN 0955-2340.
- Lynch, Ryan LynchRyan (2018-03-22). Khalid b. al-Walid. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/acref/9780198662778.001.0001. ISBN 978-0-19-866277-8.
- Shoufani, Elias; Shufani, Ilyas; Shūfānī, Ilyās; Publishing, Arab Institute for Research and (1973). Al-Riddah and the Muslim Conquest of Arabia. University of Toronto Press. ISBN 978-0-8020-1915-8.