The Kickapoo People (Kickapoo: Kiikaapoa or Kiikaapoi) are an Algonquian-speaking Native American and Indigenous Mexican tribe. Anishinaabeg say the name "Kickapoo" (Giiwigaabaw in the Anishinaabe language and its Kickapoo cognate Kiwikapawa) means "Stands here and there." This may have referred to the tribe often moving around. The name can also mean "wanderer".
|Roughly 5,000 (3,000 enrolled members)|
|Regions with significant populations|
|English, Spanish, Kickapoo|
|Native American Church; Christianity (many Catholic, some Protestant); tribal religious practices|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Sauk, Fox, other Algonquian peoples|
There are three federally recognized Kickapoo tribes in the United States: Kickapoo Tribe of Indians of the Kickapoo Reservation in Kansas, the Kickapoo Tribe of Oklahoma, and the Kickapoo Traditional Tribe of Texas. The Oklahoma and Texas bands are politically linked with each other. The Kickapoo in Kansas came from them being moved from southern Missouri in 1832 as a land exchange from their reservation there. Around 3,000 people are tribal members.
- Kickapoo Tribe of Kansas, official website
- Kickapoo Tribe of Oklahoma, official website
- Kickapoo language, alphabet and pronunciation
- Kickapoo Traditional Tribe of Texas, official website
- Matthew R. Garrett, Kickapoo Foreign Policy, 1650–1830, PhD dissertation, University of Nebraska, 2006, at Digital Commons
- Kickapoo Reservation, Kansas and Kickapoo Reservation, Texas United States Census Bureau
- "First Nations: Kickapoo", Lee Sultzman Tolatsga]