Kidney stone disease

formation of mineral 'stones' in the urinary tract

Kidney stone disease, also known as urolithiasis, is when a solid piece of material (kidney stone) happens in the urinary tract.[1] Kidney stones typically form in the kidney and leave the body during urination.[1] A small stone may pass without causing symptoms.[1] I

Kidney stone disease
A color photograph of a kidney stone, 8 millimetres in length.
A kidney stone, 8 millimeters (0.3 in) in diameter
Classification and external resources
SynonymsUrolithiasis, kidney stone, renal calculus, nephrolith, kidney stone disease,
SpecialtyUrology, nephrology
Patient UKKidney stone disease

f a stone grows to more than 5 millimeters (0.2 in) it can cause blockage of the ureter resulting in severe pain in the lower back or abdomen.[1][2] A stone may also result in blood in the urine, vomiting, or painful urination.[1] About half of people will have another stone within ten years.


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 "Kidney Stones in Adults". February 2013. Archived from the original on 11 May 2015. Retrieved 22 May 2015.
  2. Miller, NL; Lingeman, JE (2007). "Management of kidney stones" (PDF). BMJ. 334 (7591): 468–72. doi:10.1136/bmj.39113.480185.80. PMC 1808123. PMID 17332586. Archived (PDF) from the original on 27 December 2010.