Lake Van (Turkish: Van Gölü, Armenian: Վանա լիճ) is the largest lake in Turkey, in the far east of the country.
Akdamar Island is in this lake. Although Lake Van is at 1,640 m (5,380 ft) altitude with harsh winters, it does not freeze because it is very salty, except occasionally the shallow northern section.
The lake was the center of the Urartian kingdom from about 1000 BC, and the capital of Urartu, Tushpa, was on the shore of Lake Van (on the site of the medieval castle of Van, west of Van city).
Later the land around the lake was ruled by Armenians. Along with Lake Sevan in today's Armenia and Lake Urmia in today's Iran, Van was one of the three great lakes of the Armenian Kingdom, referred to as the seas of Armenia.
- ↑ The New Encyclopædia Britannica, Lake Van
- ↑ The Concise Encyclopædia of Archaeology – Page 488 by Leonard Cottrell – 1960
- ↑ The Penguin Atlas of Diasporas – Page 77 by Jean-Pierre Rageau, Gérard Chaliand
- ↑ The Armenians – Page 12 by A. E. (Anne Elizabeth) Redgate
- ↑ The Ancient Kingdom of Urartu – Page 1 by David Frankel
- ↑ Turkey – Page 28 by Pat Yale
- ↑ Traditio – Page 7 by Institute of Research and Study in Medieval Canon Law
- ↑ The Encyclopedia Americana – Page 330 by Grolier Incorporated