Liberal Party (Brazil, 2006)
The Liberal Party is a Brazilian political party with a liberal and conservative orientation. It was founded in 2006 under the name Party of the Republic, and changed its name in 2019.
The Party of the Republic was created on October 24, 2006, by dissidents of the Liberal Party and the Progressive Party. It was founded with the aim of forming a strong congressional bloc that could negotiate with the federal government and represent the interests of states and municipalities. In the 2010 elections, the party elected 41 federal deputies and 6 senators, becoming the fourth-largest congressional bloc. In 2013, it decided to support the government of President Dilma Rousseff, which generated controversy among its members and criticism from the opposition. In 2019, the party changed its name to the Liberal Party, in an attempt to embrace a more liberal ideology and to dissociate itself from the image of a clientelistic and opportunist party.
Ideology and political positions change
The Liberal Party defines itself as a party with a liberal and conservative orientation. It advocates for a free market, a reduction of the tax burden, a smaller government, and the valorization of private initiative. It defends the family as the basic unit of society, the valorization of life from conception, freedom of expression, and the promotion of public security policies.In relation to economic issues, the party is in favor of privatizing state-owned companies and opening the Brazilian market to international trade. It advocates for a reduction of the public deficit, pension reform, and labor reform. Regarding social issues, the party is against the legalization of abortion, drug decriminalization, and gender ideology. It defends the right to bear arms and the autonomy of states and municipalities in issues such as education and public security.
Parliamentary caucus change
Currently, the Liberal Party has 41 federal deputies and 4 senators. The party's caucus is composed of politicians from various states and regions of the country, and its main leaders are federal deputy Valdemar Costa Neto and senator Jorginho Mello. In the 2022 elections, the party maintained its position as one of the largest political forces in the country, electing governors in several states, as well as a large caucus of federal and state deputies.