Liberal Party (Brazil, 2006)

political party in Brazil

The Liberal Party (Portuguese: Partido Liberal; abbreviated PL), formerly known as the Party of the Republic (Portuguese: Partido da República; abbreviated PR),[1] is a right-wing to far-right Brazilian political party founded and officially registered in 2006.[2][3] PL was founded as a merge of the Party of the National Order Reconstruction and the Liberal Party. Currently, it has the largest group of Federal Deputies and also has the second largest group of Senators in the National Congress.

Liberal Party
Partido Liberal
Founded26 October 2006
Legalised19 December 2006
Preceded byPRONA
PL (1985)
Think tankInstituto Álvaro Valle
Youth wingPL Jovem
Women's wingPL Mulher
Membership (2022)754,316
IdeologyConservative liberalism
Right-wing populism
Political positionRight-wing to far-right
Colors  Blue

The party is socially conservative and populist, with its base of support coming mainly from Evangelicals, supporters of military intervention (like the one that led to the military dictatorship), and Jair Bolsonaro voters. It supports gun ownership and reduction of the age of criminal responsibility. It opposes abortion, drug decriminalization, and the LGBT+ and feminist movements. Economically, advocates for economic liberalism, privatizations, lower taxes, reduction of the public deficit, pension and labour reform.

While called the Party of the Republic, as a member of the clientelist group of parties called centrão,[4] the party was at the base of Jair Bolsonaro's government, as well as in the past it was at the base of the first two governments of President Lula, and the governments of former Presidents Dilma Rousseff and Michel Temer.[5]

In 2022, the party had 754,316 members,[6] being the eighth biggest Brazilian political party in terms of membership. Since 2023, it is the main opposition to the third Lula government.[7]


  1. "Aprovada alteração do nome do Partido da República (PR) para Partido Liberal (PL)". Electoral Justice (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved 2024-04-16.
  2. "PARTIDO DA REPUBLICA (PR)". CPDOC - Centro de Pesquisa e Documentação de História Contemporânea do Brasil (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved 2024-04-16.
  3. Costa, João; Piltcher, Antonio (2020-12-08). "Partidos em números: PP e PL". Pindograma. Retrieved 2024-04-16.
  4. "'Vocês votaram num cara do Centrão', diz Bolsonaro sobre críticas por ingresso no PL". O Globo (in Brazilian Portuguese). 2022-01-10. Retrieved 2024-04-16.
  5. "Basômetro: acompanhe o governismo na Câmara". Estadão (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved 2024-04-16.
  6. "Filiação Partidária da Eleição | Estatística de Filiação" (in Brazilian Portuguese). Superior Electoral Court. Retrieved 16 April 2024.[permanent dead link]
  7. Scardoelli, Anderson (2023-07-11). "Em carta, presidente do PL reforça: partido é oposição a Lula". Revista Oeste (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved 2024-04-16.