capital and largest city of Peru

Lima is the capital city (where the government works), and is considered the most important and largest city of Peru. 75% of the Peruvian economy is handled in Lima. Lima is the industrial and financial center of Peru, and one of the most important financial centers in Latin America.

Official seal of Lima
La Ciudad de los Reyes (The City of Kings)
La Tres Veces Coronada de Villa (The Three Times Crowned Villa)
La Perla del Pacífico (The Pearl of the Pacific)
Lima La Gris (Lima the grey)
Location within Lima Province
Location within Lima Province
Lima is located in Peru
Location within Peru
Lima is located in South America
Lima (South America)
Lima is located in Earth
Lima (Earth)
Coordinates: 12°2′36″S 77°1′42″W / 12.04333°S 77.02833°W / -12.04333; -77.02833
ProvinceLima Province
EstablishedJanuary 18, 1535
Founded byFrancisco Pizarro
 • MayorRafael López Aliaga (2023-)
 • City2,672.3 km2 (1,031.8 sq mi)
 • Urban
800 km2 (300 sq mi)
 • Metro
2,819.3 km2 (1,088.5 sq mi)
Elevation0−1,550 m (0−5,090 ft)
 • Urban
 • Urban density12,000/km2 (32,000/sq mi)
 • Metro
Demonym(s)Limeño (Male)
Limeña (Female)
Time zoneUTC−5 (PET)
WebsiteOfficial Website

It is an important city of South America and the entrance to Peru. Lima is city in constant urban growth. It has a large population. Over 8 million people live in the metropolitan area, which includes Callao Seaport. Lima is the fifth largest city in Latin America, behind Mexico City, São Paulo, Buenos Aires and Rio de Janeiro.

The city was founded by the Spanish conquistador (conqueror) Francisco Pizarro on January 18, 1535. He called it 'La Ciudad de los Reyes' (the City of the Kings). It became the capital and most important city in the Spanish Viceroyalty of Perú. And after the Peruvian War of Independence, it became the capital of the Republic of Peru.

In the 1940s, Lima started a period of rapid growth, with the migration from the Andean regions of Peru, as rural people. They wanted to find better opportunities for work and education. The population, estimated at 0.6 million in 1940, reached 1.9M by 1960 and 4.8M by 1980.

Lima has developed an important tourism industry, characterized by its historic center, archeological sites, nightlife, museums, art galleries, festivals, popular traditions, and gastronomy. Lima is considered Americas's gastronomical capital.

Lima is made up of mainly Spanish speaking inhabitants with over 90% of the population speaking the language. Lima Province has 43 districts, including:

1 - Cercado de Lima

3 - Ate

4 - Barranco

5 - Brena

7 - Comas

9 - Chorrillos

10 - El Agustino

11 - Jesus Maria

12 - La Molina

13 - La Victoria

14 - Lince

17 - Magdalena del Mar

18 - Miraflores

21 - Pueblo Libre

22 - Puente Piedra

25 - Rimac

27 - San Isidro

28 - Independence

29 - San Juan de Miraflores

30 - San Luis

31 - San Martin de Porres

32 - San Miguel

33 - Santiago de Surco

34 - Surquillo

35 - Villa María del Triunfo

36 - San Juan de Lurigancho

38 - Santa Rosa

39 - Los Olivos

41 - San Borja

42 - Villa El Savador

43 - Santa Anita


  1. "Peru Altitude". Retrieved 2014-07-28.
  2. "INEI: Lima cuenta con 9 millones 752 mil habitantes". Archived from the original on 2016-03-25. Retrieved 2018-05-18.