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Buenos Aires

capital city of Argentina

Buenos Aires is the capital and largest city in the South American country of Argentina.

Autonomous City of Buenos Aires
Autonomous City
Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires
From top (left to right): skyline of the city at dusk, the National Congress, the Woman's Bridge in Puerto Madero, Tango dancers in San Telmo, the Pink House, the Metropolitan Cathedral, Cabildo, the Obelisk, Colón Theatre, La Recoleta Cemetery, the Planetarium in the Palermo Woods, and Caminito in La Boca.
From top (left to right): skyline of the city at dusk, the National Congress, the Woman's Bridge in Puerto Madero, Tango dancers in San Telmo, the Pink House, the Metropolitan Cathedral, Cabildo, the Obelisk, Colón Theatre, La Recoleta Cemetery, the Planetarium in the Palermo Woods, and Caminito in La Boca.
Flag of Autonomous City of Buenos Aires
Flag
Coat of arms of Autonomous City of Buenos Aires
Coat of arms
Nickname(s):
The Queen of El Plata, The South American Paris, The Capital of Tango, The city of books, The Paris of the Pampas,[1] The Cultural Capital of Latin America[2]
Country Argentina
Established 1536, 1580
Government
 • Type Autonomous city
 • Chief of Government Horacio Rodríguez Larreta
Area
 • Autonomous City 203 km2 (78.5 sq mi)
 • Land 203 km2 (78.5 sq mi)
 • Metro 4,758 km2 (1,837 sq mi)
Elevation 25 m (82 ft)
Population (2010 census.)[3]
 • Autonomous City 2,890,151
 • Rank 4th
 • Density 14,240/km2 (36,817/sq mi)
 • Metro 12,801,364
Demonym(s) porteño (m), porteña (f)
Time zone ART (UTC−3)
Area code(s) 011
HDI (2010) 0.953 – Very High[4][not in the source given]
Website

www.buenosaires.gob.ar (Spanish)

bue.gov.ar (English)
Catalinas Norte Towers

Buenos Aires city is also known as Capital Federal to differentiate the city from the Buenos Aires Province.

Until 1994 Buenos Aires city was under the presidential government, but after a constitutional reform in that year, the city became self-governed, allowing citizens to elect their city authorities.

Contents

PopulationEdit

Buenos Aires has a population of 3,040,000 inhabitants. Spanish is the main language, but English is widely well spoken. Italian is also widespread.

WeatherEdit

Buenos Aires has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa in the Koeppen climate classification). The average temperature is 17 °C. During the 20th century the temperature went up because of the urbanization. Rainfall is 1222.6 mm. per year. Summers are hot and humid. Winters are mild, the highest medium temperature is 13.7 °C during this season. Temperature rarely reaches 0 °C or below. Fog is frequent.

Climate data for Buenos Aires Central Observatory, located in Villa Ortúzar (1981–2010, extremes 1906–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 43.3
(109.9)
38.7
(101.7)
37.9
(100.2)
36.0
(96.8)
31.6
(88.9)
28.5
(83.3)
30.2
(86.4)
34.4
(93.9)
35.3
(95.5)
35.6
(96.1)
36.8
(98.2)
40.5
(104.9)
43.3
(109.9)
Average high °C (°F) 30.1
(86.2)
28.6
(83.5)
26.8
(80.2)
22.9
(73.2)
19.3
(66.7)
16.0
(60.8)
15.4
(59.7)
17.7
(63.9)
19.3
(66.7)
22.6
(72.7)
25.6
(78.1)
28.5
(83.3)
22.7
(72.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.9
(76.8)
23.6
(74.5)
21.9
(71.4)
17.9
(64.2)
14.5
(58.1)
11.7
(53.1)
11.0
(51.8)
12.8
(55)
14.6
(58.3)
17.8
(64)
20.7
(69.3)
23.3
(73.9)
17.9
(64.2)
Average low °C (°F) 20.1
(68.2)
19.3
(66.7)
17.7
(63.9)
13.8
(56.8)
10.7
(51.3)
8.0
(46.4)
7.4
(45.3)
8.8
(47.8)
10.3
(50.5)
13.3
(55.9)
15.9
(60.6)
18.4
(65.1)
13.6
(56.5)
Record low °C (°F) 5.9
(42.6)
4.2
(39.6)
2.8
(37)
−2.3
(27.9)
−4.0
(25)
−5.3
(22.5)
−5.4
(22.3)
−4.0
(25)
−2.4
(27.7)
−2.0
(28)
1.6
(34.9)
3.7
(38.7)
−5.4
(22.3)
Precipitation mm (inches) 138.8
(5.465)
127.1
(5.004)
140.1
(5.516)
119.0
(4.685)
92.3
(3.634)
58.8
(2.315)
60.6
(2.386)
64.2
(2.528)
72.0
(2.835)
127.2
(5.008)
117.3
(4.618)
118.9
(4.681)
1,236.3
(48.673)
Humidity 64 68 72 76 77 79 79 74 70 69 66 63 71
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 9 8 9 9 7 7 7 7 7 10 10 9 99
Source #1: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional[5]
Source #2: NOAA (humidity, 1961–1990)[6]

NeighborhoodsEdit

Buenos Aires is divided into 48 neighborhoods. Most populated areas are:

  • Palermo: Located in the northeast of the city, it also is the largest neighborhood in Buenos Aires. Some parts of Palermo are highly touristic: Bosques de Palermo (Palermo Woods), Palermo Soho, Palermo Hollywood
  • Caballito: This mostly residential neighborhood is located in the geographical centre of the city.
  • Recoleta: Recoleta is one of the most wealthy neighborhoods in Buenos Aires. Recoleta Cemetery is located there.

TourismEdit

Buenos Aires is the most visited city in South América.[7] Most touristic areas are the historical center, Palermo, Recoleta and San Telmo.

  • Historical Center / Plaza de Mayo: It is the historical place of the foundation of the city. On Plaza de Mayo are found many interesting buildings: Cabildo (where the colonial government was), Cathedral, Casa Rosada (current Government Palace).
  • San Telmo is one of the most ancient neighborhoods in Buenos Aires. It used to be a very expensive area. But in the 18th Century, an epidemics made people move to Recoleta area, farther from the river.
  • Recoleta: In this neighborhood, there are many beautiful Palaces from the 19th Century. Tourist also visit Recoleta Cemetery where many political figures are buried. One famous person buried in Recoleta Cemetery is political woman Eva Perón.
  • Palermo: Palermo is divided in several sub-areas. Palermo Soho is full of designers and clothing shops. Palermo Hollywood is the heart of Buenos Aires gastronomical offer.

WikimaniaEdit

The fifth Wikimania was hosted in this city in 2009.

ReferencesEdit

Other websitesEdit