2009 (MMIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2009th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 9th year of the 3rd millennium, the 9th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2000s decade. 2009 was called the:

Millennium: 3rd millennium
Centuries: 20th century21st century22nd century
Decades: 1970s  1980s  1990s  – 2000s –  2010s  2020s  2030s
Years: 2006 2007 200820092010 2011 2012

2009 was the Chinese Year of Earth Ox based on the 12-year Chinese Zodiac cycle.




  • February 1 – Patriarch Kirill I of Moscow is enthroned as the Patriarch of the Russian Orthodox Church.
  • February 1 – Johanna Sigurdardottir becomes Prime Minister of Iceland.
  • February 2 – Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad announces that Iran has launched its own satellite, "Omid", into orbit on an Iranian-built rocket.[10]
  • February 7 – The deadliest bushfires in Australian history begin; they kill 173, injure 500 more, and leave 7,500 homeless. The fires come after Melbourne records the hottest-ever temperature (46.4 °C, 115 °F) of any capital city in Australia. The majority of the fires are started by either fallen or clashing power lines or deliberately lit.
  • February 9Victoria (Australia) hottest day, 48.8 °C at Hopetoun.[11]
  • February 10 – A Russian and an American satellite collide over Siberia, creating a large amount of space debris.[12]
  • February 17 – The JEM rebel group in Darfur, Sudan sign a pact with the Sudanese government, planning a ceasefire within the next 3 months.
  • February 25 – Members of the Bangladesh Rifles paramilitary force begin mutinying. Over 80 are killed.


  • March 2 – The President of Guinea-Bissau, João Bernardo Vieira, is assassinated during an armed attack on his residence in Bissau.[13]
  • March 3 – Gunmen attack a bus carrying Sri Lankan cricketers in Lahore, Pakistan, killing eight people and injuring several others.[14]
  • March 17 – The President of Madagascar, Marc Ravalomanana, is overthrown in a coup d'état, following a month of rallies in Antananarivo. The military appoints opposition leader Andry Rajoelina as the new president.


  • April 1 – Albania and Croatia join the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
  • April 5North Korea launches the Kwangmyŏngsŏng-2 rocket, prompting an emergency meeting of—but no official reaction from—the United Nations Security Council.
  • April 6 – A 6.3 magnitude earthquake strikes near L'Aquila, Italy, killing nearly 300 and injuring more than 1,500.[15]


  • May 4 – The President of Niger, Tandja Mamadou, holds peace talks with the Tuareg rebel groups in north Niger.
  • May 18 – The third C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group meets in Seoul.
  • May 18 -Following more than a quarter-century of fighting, the Sri Lankan Civil War ends with the total military defeat of the LTTE.[16][17]










  1. "News Release – IAU0606: The International Astronomical Union announces the International Year of Astronomy 2009". International Astronomical Union. October 27, 2006. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
  2. "The International Year of Astronomy 2009". IYA2009. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
  3. United Nations General Assembly Resolution 189 session 61 International Year of National Fibres, 2009 on 20 December 2006
  4. "International Year of Reconciliation 2009" (PDF). 20 November 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 February 2009. Retrieved 6 January 2009.
  5. Harel, Amos; Yoav Stern and Yanir Yagana (January 3, 2009). "Israel launches a ground operation in the Gaza Strip". Jerusalem, IL: Haaretz. Archived from the original on 2012-05-10. Retrieved 2009-01-03.
  6. "Europeans shiver as Russia cuts gas shipments".
  7. "Warning over new US travel rules".
  8. "Somali joy as Ethiopians withdraw". News article. BBC News. 2009-01-13. p. 2. Retrieved 2009-01-25.
  9. "Bloomberg - Are you a robot?". www.bloomberg.com. Cite uses generic title (help)
  10. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-09-10. Retrieved 2017-08-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. "Rainfall and Temperature Extremes". bom.gov.au. 2011. Retrieved 5 August 2011.
  12. News, A. B. C. "Technology Index". ABC News.
  13. "President of Guinea-Bissau assassinated - CNN.com". edition.cnn.com.
  14. "Gunmen shoot Sri Lanka cricketers". 3 March 2009 – via news.bbc.co.uk.
  15. "BBC NEWS | Europe | Italy earthquake deaths soar - PM". Archived from the original on 2010-01-17. Retrieved 2009-07-23.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  16. "WebCite query result". Archived from the original on 2009-06-11. Retrieved 2009-06-11. Cite uses generic title (help)
  17. "Sri Lanka 'liberated from terror'". Express.co.uk. 19 May 2009.
  18. "Iceland to hand in formal EU membership application Earth Times". Archived from the original on 2009-07-26. Retrieved 2009-08-21.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  19. "Ousted Honduran leader departs on flight for home". 5 July 2009 – via www.reuters.com.
  20. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-07-11. Retrieved 2009-07-27.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  21. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-07-28. Retrieved 2017-08-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  22. "Clinton leaves North Korea with pardoned journalists". 4 August 2009 – via www.reuters.com.
  23. "CERN Press Release". CERN. Archived from the original on 2010-04-19. Retrieved 2009-12-06.
  24. "CERN Press Release". CERN. Archived from the original on 2009-12-02. Retrieved 2009-12-06.